Postdoctoral Research Associate
Musa is a Water and Environmental Engineer whose research focus on planning, monitoring and improvement of sanitation and faecal sludge management practices in the Global South. He realizes this through pathogen and Faecal hazard tracking in communities; life-cycle costing of water and sanitation programmes; development, optimization and application of sustainable human excreta, wastewater and solid waste management technologies/ strategies to achieve effective pathogen inactivation and resource recovery. Musa has worked on projects in urban Africa and South Asia that have evaluated the management and treatment of faecal sludge from on-site sanitation technologies.
Prior to joining The Water Institute at UNC, Musa worked as a doctoral researcher at the Institute of Public Health and Environmental Engineering (iPHEE), University of Leeds were he investigated the treatment and reuse of faecal sludge in urban Africa, focusing on pathogen inactivation and nutrient recovery. He received his doctorate from the School of Civil Engineering, University of Leeds. Musa is currently leading research on the unsafe return of human waste to the environment in South Asia (Trichy and Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India).
Musa is experienced in conducting high quality qualitative and quantitative field work research on sanitation and faecal sludge management focusing on faecal sludge characterization and mapping in urban environments, behaviour of excreted pathogens in on-site sanitation facilities, pathogen hazards flows, modelling of pathogen die-off in treatment systems, alternatives to conventional water borne sewerage in dense urban areas, lifecycle costing of sanitation options, and effectiveness of rural sanitation programmes.
- Lifecycle costing of low-cost sanitation technologies in the informal settlements of Soweto, Johannesburg
- Proof of Concept of Estimates of the Unsafe Return of Human Excreta to the Environment (Gates Foundation)
Selected Other Publications
- Economic Cost Analysis of Low-Cost Sanitation Technology Options in Informal Settlement areas (Case Study: Soweto, Johannesburg. ) Manga, M., J. Bartram, Evans, B. 2019. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health., https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2019.06.012.
- Inactivation of Viable Ascaris eggs during Faecal Sludge Co-composting with Chicken Feathers and Market waste. Manga, M., Evans B., Camargo-Valero, M. A. 2019. Desalination and Water Treatment. 163, pp.347-357. doi: 10.5004/dwt.2019.24494.
- Urban and rural sanitation in the Solomon Islands: How resilient are these to extreme weather events? Fleming, L., Anthonj, C., Thakkar, M.B., Tikoisuva, W.M., Manga, M., Howard, G., Shields, K.F., Kelly, E., Overmars, M., and Bartram, J. 2019. Science of The Total Environment. 683, pp.331-340. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.05.253
- The feasibility of co-composting as an upscale treatment method for faecal sludge in urban Africa. Manga, M. 2017. PhD thesis, University of Leeds, UK. http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/16997/
- Effect of filter media thickness on the performance of sand drying beds used for faecal sludge management. Manga, M., Evans B., Camargo-Valero, M. A., Horan, N. 2016. Water Science and Technology, 74(12): 2795-2806. doi: 2166/wst.2016.451.
- The fate of Helminth eggs during the co-composting of faecal sludge with chicken feathers and market waste. Manga, M., Evans B., Camargo-Valero, M. A., Horan, N., 2016. In the 13th IWA Specialized Conference on Small Water and Wastewater Systems (SWWS) and 5th IWA Specialised Conference on Resources-Oriented Sanitation (ROS) 14 – 16th September 2016, Athens, Greece. Available Online.
- Nitrogen evolution during co-composting of faecal sludge with chicken feathers. Manga, M., Evans B., Camargo-Valero, M. A., Horan, N., 2016. In the 13th IWA Specialized Conference on Small Water and Wastewater Systems (SWWS) and the 5th IWA Specialised Conference on Resources-Oriented Sanitation (ROS) 14 – 16th September 2016, Athens, Greece.
- Faecal sludge management-development of effective strategies for management and disposal of feacal sludge focusing on resource recovery and pathogen inactivation, modeling of pathogen die-off in on-site sanitation facilities, faecal sludge characterization and mapping
- Pathogen and Faecal hazards flow in urban environments
- Resource recovery from solid wastes and sewage sludge
- Alternatives to conventional water borne sewerage in dense urban areas
- Optimization of Human excreta and Wastewater treatment systems
- Life cycle costing of water and sanitation programmes
- Effectiveness of rural sanitation programmes
- Sustainability and equity in community-wide approaches which eliminate open defecation