Context refers to the settings or circumstances in which local actors carry out their roles and responsibilities. We are interested in learning about what factors help or hinder local actors in contributing to the success of CLTS. For example, a motivated natural leader may only be able to influence their community in settings where sanitation subsidies have never been introduced or in circumstances when traditional leaders have shown that they are supportive.
We are exploring these issues through:
As we learn from our research, we will share findings through this website. Our work will give a better understanding about which factors matter most for the success of CLTS. This will support decision making by practitioners and policy-makers about where and how to spend time and money.
This post synthesizes three situational assessments characterizing the CLTS implementation context in Kenya, Ghana, and Ethiopia. The individual assessments are available in our Resource Library.
Countries across Africa, Asia, and […]
A situational assessment can inform program planning and evaluation. We assessed national policy, institutional arrangements, and monitoring systems for CLTS in Ethiopia, Ghana, and Kenya prior to evaluations of […]
The term “local actors” refers to individuals who have a role in CLTS. We are interested in how local actors are involved in CLTS, and how they affect CLTS implementation.The roles of local actors vary from country to country. In this project, we work with natural leaders, schoolteachers, and local government officials in their roles as community motivators, facilitators, and CLTS program managers respectively. Local actors also include others such as children, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and health workers. Let us know what local actors you work with by using our contact form. We are exploring the role of local actors through:
As we learn from our research, we will share our findings with you here. Our work will provide a better understanding of how local actors support CLTS across different countries and contexts, which could help us all make better decisions about programming and policy.
Testing CLTS Approaches for Sustainability
Download the Implementation Narrative (PDF, 688kb, 18 pp.)
The Testing CLTS Approaches for Scalability project was a four year, sanitation-focused, operational research project that aimed to […]
We are interested in the economic cost of involving local actors, which includes financial and non-financial costs associated with involving local actors in a CLTS project. For example, a CLTS triggering session involves paid facilitator time and unpaid community member time, both of which have a cost. Triggering also includes transportation, food, and possibly phone credit.
Limited data has been collected on the costs of CLTS. Most organizations in the countries included in our research do not track or record spending on CLTS activities. We cannot assess cost-effectiveness of CLTS without this information. This makes it difficult for policy-makers to make decisions on how to allocate resources.
In Ghana, Kenya, and Ethiopia, we are looking at a range of costs, including the cost of training, facilitation, community meetings, and latrine construction.
Through our combined implementation and evaluation, we will show how these costs vary in different settings and for different local actors. A better understanding of CLTS costs will enable us to see how to reduce costs, and to compare cost-effectiveness of different approaches to CLTS and CLTS in different settings.
This post features preliminary findings from the Testing CLTS Approaches for Scalability project, presented by Jonny Crocker, PhD student at UNC Chapel Hill, at the 37th WEDC International Conference […]
Based on the conclusions of a systematic review of grey literature on CLTS, we are pleased to share a new research summary outlining the results of the review and five […]
One aim of our project is to understand how CLTS outcomes change in Ghana, Kenya, and Ethiopia when we give extra training and mentoring to local actors.
In Ghana, we are evaluating how training natural leaders affects household- and community-level outcomes such latrine construction and behavior change. In Kenya, we are evaluating how training and mentoring local government affects their CLTS knowledge and attitudes, and management of CLTS in their counties. In Ethiopia, we are evaluating teachers as facilitators in comparison to health extension workers using household-, village-, and kebele-level outcomes.
Our recent systematic literature review revealed that while many say natural leaders, teachers, and local government are important for sanitation and hygiene, there is limited evidence for their exact role or how they influence CLTS outcomes. The grey literature portion of the review is available on this website (Venkataramanan, 2012). Our findings will be of interest to researchers, practitioners and policy-makers who wish to understand how to improve their projects. We are currently updating the systematic literature review and will share the update on our website soon.
Testing CLTS Approaches for Sustainability
Worldwide, an estimated 2.4 billion people live without access to an adequate sanitation facility, of which nearly 1 billion have no option other than open defecation. This poses […]