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Publications

Our research contributes to evidence-based decisions in scientific, policy and practitioner communities around the world.

Our publications from 2020:
  • A systematic review of water, sanitation and hygiene among Roma communities in Europe: Situation analysis, cultural context, and obstacles to improvement. C. Anthonj, K.E. Setty, F. Ezbakhe, M. Manga & C. Hoeser. 2020. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health. doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2020.113506

  • Application of tools to monitor environmental conditions, identify exposures, and inform decision-making to improve infection prevention and control practices in Malawian maternity wards. H. H. Oza, M. B. Fisher, L. Abebe, R. Cronk, R. McCord, F. Reuland, N. Behnke, H. Kafanikhale, I. Mofolo, I. Hoffman, J. Bartram. 2020. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 192:2. doi.org/10.1007/s10661-020-8089-5

  • Climate adaptation for rural water and sanitation systems in the Solomon Islands: A community scale systems model for decision support. T. Chan, M.C. MacDonald, A. Kearton, M. Elliott, K.F. Shields, B. Powell, J.K. Bartram, W.L. Hadwen. 2020. Science of the Total Environment 714. Advanced online publication. doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.136681

  • Environmental health in forced displacement: A systematic scoping review of the emergency phaseB. B. Shackelford, R. Cronk, N. Behnke, B. Cooper, R. Tu, M. D’Souza, J. Bartram, R. Schweitzer, D. Jaff. 2020. Science of the Total Environment 714. Advanced online publication.  doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.136553

  • Geographical inequalities in drinking water in the Solomon Islands. C. Anthonj, J.W. Tracy, L. Fleming, K.F Shields, W.M Tikoisuva, E. Kelly, M.B Thakkar, R. Cronk, M. Overmars, J. Bartram. 2020.  Science of the Total Environment. 712. doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.135241

  • How we assess water safety: A critical review of sanitary inspection and water quality analysis. E.R. Kelly, R. Cronk, E. Kumpel, G. Howard, J. Bartram. 2020. Science of the Total Environment. 718. doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.137237

  • Environmental health conditions in protracted displacement: a systematic scoping review. N. Behnke, R. Cronk, B.B. Shackelford, C. Cooper, R. Tu, L. Heller & J Bartram. 2020.  Science of the Total Environment. doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138234

Our publications from 2019:
  • A bioassay-based protocol for chemical neutralization of human faecal wastes treated by physico-chemical disinfection processes: A case study on benzalkonium chloride. E. Sozzi, M. Baloch, J. Strasser, M. Fisher, M. Leifels, J. Camacho, N. Mishal, S. Elmes, G. Allen, G. Gadai, L. Valenti, M. Sobsey. 2019. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 222:2, pp. 155-167. doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2018.07.002

  • Adapting translational research for water, sanitation, and hygiene. K. Setty, R. Cronk, S. George, D. Anderson, G. O’Flaherty, J. Bartram. 2019. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16:20, pp. 40-49. doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16204049

  • Capsid integrity qPCR-an azo-dye based and culture-independent approach to estimate adenovirus infectivity after disinfection and in the aquatic environment. M. Leifels, D. Shoults, A. Wiedemeyer, N. Ashbolt, E. Sozzi, A. Hagemeier, L. Jurzik. 2019. Water 11:1196. doi.org/10.3390/w11061196

  • Comparative evaluation of risk management frameworks for US source waters. K. Setty, R. Raucher, R. McConnell, J. Bartram. 2019. AWWA Water Science 1:1. doi.org/10.1002/aws2.1125

  • Coping with ill-health: health care facility, chemist or medicinal plants? Health-seeking behaviour in a Kenyan wetland. C. Anthonj, P. Giovannini, T. Kistemann. 2019. BMC International Health and Human Rights 19. doi.org/10.1186/s12914-019-0199-1 

  • Economic Cost Analysis of Low-Cost Sanitation Technology Options in Informal Settlement areas (Case Study: Soweto, Johannesburg.) M. Manga, J. Bartram, B. Evans. 2019. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 223:1, pp. 289-298. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2019.06.012.

  • Energy access in Malawian healthcare facilities: consequences for health service delivery and environmental health conditions. F. Reuland, N. Behnke, R. Cronk, R. McCord, M. Fisher, L. Abebe, L. Suhlrie, L. Joca, I. Mofolo, H. Kafanikhale, J. M. Tseka, E. Rehfuess, J. Tomaro, I. Hoffman, J. Bartram. 2019. Health and Policy Planning. 35(2). doi:10.1093/heapol/czz118

  • External support programs to improve rural drinking water service sustainability: A systematic review. M. Miller, R. Cronk, T. Klug, E. R. Kelly, N. Behnke, J. Bartram. 2019. Science of the Total Environment 670, pp. 717–731. doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.03.069

  • Health risk perceptions and local knowledge of water-related infectious disease exposure among Kenyan wetland communities. C. Anthonj, B. Diekkrüger, C. Borgemeister, T. Kistemann. 2019. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 222:1, pp. 34-48. doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2018.08.003

  • Inactivation of Viable Ascaris eggs during Faecal Sludge Co-composting with Chicken Feathers and Market waste. M. Manga, B. Evans, M. A. Camargo-Valero. 2019. Desalination and Water Treatment 163, pp.347-357. doi.org/10.5004/dwt.2019.24494

  • Proof of Concept of Estimates for the Unsafe Return of Human Excreta: Models of Unsafe Return of Excreta in Four Countries. P. Kolsky, L. Fleming, J. Bartram. 2019. The Water Institute at the UNC, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

  • Water safety plans for water supply utilities in China, Cuba, France, Morocco and Spain: costs, benefits, and enabling environment elements. G. Kayser, J. F. Loret, K. Setty, C. Blaudin De Thé, J. Martin, C. Puigdomenech & J. Bartram. 2019. Urban Water Journal, 16:4, pp. 277-288. doi.org/10.1080/1573062X.2019.1669191

  • Urban and rural sanitation in the Solomon Islands: How resilient are these to extreme weather events? L. Fleming, C. Anthonj, M. Bora Thakkar, W. M. Tikoisuva, M. Manga, G. Howard, K. F. Shields, E. Kelly, M. Overmars, J. Bartram. 2019. Science of the Total Environment 683, pp. 331-340. doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.05.253

  • The implementation of environmental health policies in health care facilities: The case of Malawi. R. McCord, R. Cronk, J. Tomaro, F. Reuland, N. Behnke, J. Mmodzi Tseka, C. Banda, H. Kafanikhale, I. Mofolo, I. Hoffman, J. Bartram. 2019. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 222, pp. 705-716. doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2019.05.003

  • A systematic scoping review of hygiene behaviors and environmental health conditions in institutional care settings for orphaned and abandoned children. M. Moffa, R. Cronk, D. Fejfar, S. Dancausse, L. Acosta Padilla, J. Bartram. 2019. Science of the Total Environment 658, pp. 1161-1174. doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.12.286

  • Capacity building and training approaches for water safety plans: A comprehensive literature review. G. Ferrero, K. Setty, B. Rickert, S. George, A. Rinehold, J. DeFrance, J. Bartram. 2019. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 222:4, pp. 615-627. doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2019.01.011

  • The Enabling Environment for Participation in Water and Sanitation: A Conceptual Framework. A. Jiménez, H. LeDeunff, R. Giné, J. Sjödin, R. Cronk, S. Murad, M. Takane, and J. Bartram. 2019. Water 11:2, 308. doi.org/10.3390/w11020308

  • A systematic scoping review of environmental health conditions in penal institutions. W. Guo, R. Cronk, E. Scherer, R. Oommen, J. Brogan, M. Sarr, J. Bartram. 2019. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 222, pp. 790-803. doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2019.05.001

Our publications from 2018:
  • A categorization of water system breakdowns: Evidence from Liberia, Nigeria, Tanzania, and Uganda. T. Klug, R. Cronk, K. F. Shields, J. Bartram. 2018. Science of the Total Environment 619, pp. 1126-1132. doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.11.183

  • A systematic literature review of the enabling environment elements to improve implementation of water safety plans in high-income countries. R. Baum, J. Bartram. 2018. J Water Health 16:1, pp. 14-24. doi.org/10.2166/wh.2017.175

  • An Environmental Science and Engineering Framework for Combating Antimicrobial Resistance. A. Pruden, R. Alcalde, P. Alvarez, N. Ashbolt, H. Bischel, N. Capiro, E. Crossette, D. Frigon, K. Grimes, C. Haas, K. Ikuma, A. Kappell, T. LaPara, L. Kimbell, M. Li, X. Li, P. McNamara, Y. Seo, M. Sobsey, E. Sozzi, T. Navab-Daneshmand, L. Raskin, M. Riquelme, P. Vikesland, K. Wigginton, Z. Zhou. 2018. Environmental Engineering Science 35:10, pp. 1005-1011. doi.org/10.1089/ees.2017.0520

  • Assessing operational performance benefits of a Water Safety Plan implemented in southwestern France. K.Setty, G. O’Flaherty, J. Enault, S. Lapouge, J. F. Loret, and J. Bartram. 2018. Perspectives in Public Health 138:5, pp. 270-278. doi.org/10.1177/1757913918787846

  • Carrying water may be a major contributor to disability from musculoskeletal disorders in low income countries: a cross-sectional survey in South Africa, Ghana and Vietnam. J. Geere, J. Bartram, L. Bates, L. Danquah, B. Evans, M. B. Fisher, N. Groce, B. Majuru, M. M. Mokoena, M. S. Mukhola, H. Nguyen-Viet, P. Pham Duc, A. R. Williams, W-P. Schmidt, and P. R. Hunter. 2018. Journal of Global Health 8:1. doi.org/10.7189/jogh.08.010406

  • Community-led total sanitation: a mixed-methods systematic review of evidence and its quality. V. Venkataramanan, J. Crocker, A. Karon, J. Bartram. 2018. Environmental Health Perspectives 126:2. doi.org/10.1289/EHP1965

  • Consumer perceptions and purchasing of packaged water products in Sierra Leone. M. F. Jalloh, A. R. Williams, M. B. Jalloh, P. Sengeh, G. Saquee, J. Bartram. 2018. The Pan African Medical Journal 30, 262. doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2018.30.262.13676.

  • Environmental conditions in health care facilities in low-and middle-income countries: coverage and inequalities. R. Cronk, J. Bartram. 2018. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 221, pp. 409-422. doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2018.01.004

  • Evidence-based decision-making on water quality in domestic water supply in Malawi, Ecuador, and Brazil. U. Q. Amjad, F. Dalcanale, G. Kayser, P. Bentley, J. Bartram. 2018. Official Journal of the World Water Council: Water Policy 20:3, pp. 530–545. doi.org/10.2166/wp.2017.184.

  • Global water, sanitation, and hygiene research priorities and learning challenges under Sustainable Development Goal 6. K. Setty, J. Willetts, A. Jimenez, M. Leifels, and J. Bartram. 2018. Development Policy Review. doi: 10.1111/dpr.12415

  • Health risk perceptions are associated with domestic use of basic water and sanitation services—Evidence from rural Ethiopia. C. Anthonj, L. Fleming, S. Godfrey, A. Ambelu, J. Bevan, R. Cronk, J. Bartram. 2018. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15:10, 2112. doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15102112

  • Identifying opportunities to improve piped water continuity and water system monitoring in Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama: Evidence from Bayesian networks and regression analysis. R. Cronk, J. Bartram. 2018. Journal of Cleaner Production 196, pp. 1-10. doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.06.017

  • Impact of drinking water, sanitation and handwashing with soap on childhood diarrhoeal disease: updated meta‐analysis and meta‐regression. J. Wolf,  P. R. Hunter, M. C. Freeman, O. Cumming, T. Clasen, J. Bartram, J. P. T. Higgins, R. Johnston, K. Medlicott, S. Boisson, A. Prüss‐Ustün. 2018. A European Journal of Tropical Medicine and International Health 23:5, pp. 508-525. doi.org/10.1111/tmi.13051

  • Improving environmental conditions for involuntarily displaced populations: water, sanitation, and hygiene in orphanages, prisons, and refugee and IDP settlements. N. Behnke, R. Cronk, M. Snel, M. Moffa, R. Tu, B. Banner, C. Folz, D. Anderson, A. Macintyre, E. Stowe, J. Bartram. 2018. Journal of Water Sanitation and Hygiene for Development, pp. 1-7. doi.org/10.2166/washdev.2018.019

  • Improving monitoring and water point functionality in rural Ethiopia. C. Anthonj, L. Fleming, R. Cronk, S. Godfrey, A. Ambelu, J. Bevan, E. Sozzi, J. Bartram. 2018. Water 10:11, 1591. doi.org/10.3390/w10111591

  • Microbial contamination of non-household drinking water sources: a systematic review. R. Cronk, J. Bartram. 2018. Journal of Cleaner Production 196, pp. 1-10. doi.org/10.2166/washdev.2018.080

  • Pathways to sustainability: A fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis of rural water supply programs. S. J. Marks, E. Kumpel, J. Guo, J. Bartram, J. Davis. 2018. Journal of Cleaner Production 205, pp. 789-798. doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.09.029

  • Perceptions of climate-related risk among water sector professionals in Africa—Insights from the 2016 African Water Association Congress. K. Connolly, M. Mbutu, J. Bartram, D. Fuente. 2018. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 221, pp. 838-846. doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2018.04.007

  • Policy Brief: Enabling systems that support sustainable, effective and inclusive WASH marketing exchanges. K. F. Shields, R. T. Souter, D. J. Barrington, S. Sridharan, S. G. Saunders, S. Meo, J. Bartram. 2018. International WaterCentre: Brisbane, Australia. http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/123716/

  • Policy review of the means of implementation targets and indicators for the sustainable development goal for water and sanitation. J. Bartram, C. Brocklehurst, D. Bradley, M. Muller, B. E. Evans. 2018. npj Clean Water, 1:3. http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/128504/

  • Quantifying averted disability-adjusted life years as a performance indicator for water quality interventions: a review of current methodologies and challenges. D. M. Anderson, E. A. Thomas, T. F. Clasen. 2018. Water 10:6, 744. doi.org/10.3390/w10060744.

  • Rapid detection of escherichia coli in water using sample concentration and optimized enzymatic hydrolysis of chromogenic substrates. J. Wu, J. R. Stewart, M. D. Sobsey, C. Cormency, M. B. Fisher, J. K. Bartram. 2018. Current Microbiology 75, pp. 827–834. doi.org/10.1007/s00284-018-1454-8

  • Seasonality, water use and community management of water systems in rural settings: Qualitative evidence from Ghana, Kenya, and Zambia. Emma Kelly, Katherine F Shields, Ryan Cronk, Kristen Lee, Nikki Behnke, Tori Klug, Jamie Bartram. 2018. Science of the Total Environment, Volume 628: 715-721. doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.02.045.

  • Some lessons learned from engaging in WaSH participatory action research in Melanesian informal settlements. D. J. Barrington, K. F. Shields, S. G. Saunders, S. Meo, S. Sridharan, R. T. Souter, J. Bartram. 2018. WEDC Knowledge Base. http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/121026/

  • The role of energy in health facilities: A conceptual framework and complementary data assessment in Malawi. L. Suhlrie, J. Bartram, J. Burns, L. Joca, J. Tomaro, E. Rehfuess. 2018. PLOS One. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0200261

  • Time series study of weather, water quality, and acute gastroenteritis at Water Safety Plan implementation sites in France and Spain. K. E. Setty, J. Enault, J-F Loret, C. Puigdomenech Serra, J. Martin-Alonso, J. Bartram. 2018. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 221, pp. 714-726. doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2018.04.001

  • A systematic scoping review of environmental health conditions and hygiene behaviors in homeless shelters. M. Moffa, R. Cronk, D. Fejfar, S. Dancausse, L. Acosta Padilla, J. Bartram. 2018. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 222:3, pp. 335-346. doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2018.12.004

Our publications from 2017:
  • A systematic review of nosocomial waterborne infections in neonates and mothers. M. Moffa, W. Guo, T. Li, R. Cronk, L. S. Abebe, J. Bartram. 2017. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 220:8, pp. 1199-1206. doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2017.07.011

  • A systematic review of waterborne infections from nontuberculous mycobacteria in health care facility water systems. T. Li, L. S. Abebe, R. Cronk, J. Bartram. 2017. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 220:3. doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2016.12.002

  • Expert assessment of the resilience of drinking water and sanitation systems to climate-related hazards. J. Luh, S. Royster, D. Sebastian, E. Ojomo, J. Bartram. 2017. Science of The Total Environment 592, pp. 334-344. doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.03.084

  • Factors influencing water system functionality in Nigeria and Tanzania: a regression and Bayesian network analysis. R. Cronk, J. Bartram. 2017. Environmental Science & Technology 51:19, pp. 11336-11345. doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.7b03287

  • Fostering water, sanitation and hygiene (WaSH) marketing exchanges using participatory processes: A guide for working with residents of informal settlements in the Pacific. D. J. Barrington, J. Bartram, S. Meo, S. G. Saunders, K. F. Shields, S. Sridharan, R. T. Souter. 2017. International WaterCentre: Brisbane, Australia. http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/123709/

  • Improving water, sanitation, and hygiene in schools in Indonesia: a cross-sectional assessment on sustaining infrastructural and behavioral interventions. A. J. Karon, A. A. Cronin, R. Cronk, R. Hendrawan. 2017. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 220:3, pp. 539-550. doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2017.02.001

  • Monitoring the progressive realization of the human rights to water and sanitation: frontier analysis as a basis to enhance human rights accountability. B. M. Meier, R. Cronk, J. Luh, C. de Albuquerque, J. Bartram. 2017. In Oxford Handbook of Water Politics and Policy, edited by Ken Conca and Erika Weinthal. Cary, NC: Oxford University Press. doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199335084.013.21

  • National drinking water targets – trends and factors associated with target-setting. J. Luh, E. Ojomo, B. Evans, J. Bartram. 2017. Water Policy . doi.org/10.2166/wp.2017.10

  • Programming Brief: Using participatory processes to engage informal settlements and enabling actors in improving WaSH. D. J. Barrington, S. Sridharan, S. G. Saunders, K. F. Shields, S. Meo, J. Bartram, R. T. Souter. 2017. International WaterCentre: Brisbane, Australia. http://www.watercentre.org/resources/publications/policy-briefings/engaging-residents-of-informal-settlements-programmers-brief/

  • Resource mobilization for community-managed rural water systems: evidence from Ghana, Kenya, and Zambia. N. L. Behnke, T. Klug, R. Cronk, K. F. Shields, K. Lee, E. R. Kelly, G. Allgood, J. Bartram. 2017. Journal of Cleaner Production 156, pp. 437-444doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.04.016

  • Sanitation marketing: A systematic review and theoretical critique using the capability approach. D. J. Barrington, S. Sridharan, K. F. Shields, S. G. Saunders, R. T. Souter, J. Bartram. 2017. Social Science & Medicine 194, pp. 128-134. doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2017.10.021

  • Sustainability of community-led total sanitation outcomes: Evidence from Ethiopia and Ghana. J. Crocker, D. Saywell, J. Bartram. 2017. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 220, pp. 551-557. doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2017.02.011

  • Temporal and thematic trends in water, sanitation and hygiene (WaSH) research in Pacific Island Countries: a systematic review. M. C. MacDonald, T. Chan, M. Elliott, A. Kearton, K. F. Shields, D. J. Barrington, R. T. Souter, B. R. Powell, J. Bartram, W. L. Hadwen. 2017. Journal of Water Sanitation and Hygiene for Development 7:3, pp. 352-368. doi.org/10.2166/washdev.2017.021

  • The role of social capital and sense of ownership in rural community-managed water systems: Qualitative evidence from Ghana, Kenya, and Zambia. E. Kelly, K. Lee, K. F. Shields, R. Cronk, N. Behnke, T. Klug, J. Bartram. 2017. Journal of Rural Studies 56, pp. 156-166. doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2017.08.021

  • The true costs of participatory sanitation: Evidence from community-led total sanitation studies in Ghana and Ethiopia. J. Crocker, D. Saywell, K. F. Shields, P. Kolsky, J. Bartram. 2017. Science of the Total Environment 601, pp. 1075-1083. doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.05.279

  • Using Monitoring Data to Identify Water and Sanitation Service Delivery Improvement Opportunities in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. R. Cronk. 2017. [Dissertation]. The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. https://cdr.lib.unc.edu/downloads/6108vc24j

  • WaSH M&E Operational Definitions for WaSH Monitoring and Evaluation March 2017. M. Fisher,  E. Madsen, K. Shields, A. Williams, K. Liang, A. Fechter, R. Cronk. 2017. https://waterinstitute.unc.edu/files/2014/10/Operational-Definitions-3.14.2017.pdf

  • Water quality, compliance, and health outcomes among utilities implementing Water Safety Plans in France and Spain. K. E. Setty, G. L. Kayser, M. Bowling, J. Enault, J-F Loret, C. Puigdomenech Serra, J. Martin Alonso, A. Pla Mateu, J. Bartram. 2017. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 220:3, pp. 513-530. doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2017.02.004

  • Water system hardware and management rehabilitation: qualitative evidence from Ghana, Kenya, and Zambia. T. Klug, K. F. Shields, R. Cronk, E. Kelly, N. Behnke, K. Lee, J. Bartram. 2017. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 220:3, pp. 531-538. doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2017.02.009

  • Water, sanitation, and hygiene in rural health-care facilities: a cross-sectional study in Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Rwanda, Uganda, and Zambia. A. Guo, J. Bowling, J. Bartram, G. Kayser. 2017. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 97:4, pp. 1033-1042. doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.17-0208

  • Water, sanitation, and hygiene in schools: status and implications of low coverage in Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Rwanda, Uganda, and Zambia. C. Morgan, M. Bowling, J. Bartram, G. Kayser. 2017. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 220:6, pp. 950-959. doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2017.03.015

Our publications from 2016:
  • Adapting drinking-water systems to coastal climate change: evidence from Viet Nam and the Philippines. E. Ojomo, J. Bartram. 2016. Regional Environmental Change 16:8, pp. 2409-2418. doi.org/10.1007/s10113-016-0965-8

  • Addressing WaSH challenges in Pacific Island Countries: A participatory marketing systems mapping approach to empower informal settlement community action. S. G. Saunders, D. J. Barrington, S. Sridharan, S. Meo, W. Hadwen, K. F. Shields, R. Souter, J. K. Bartram. 2016. Habitat International 55, pp. 159-166. doi.org/10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.03.010

  • Assessing progress towards public health, human rights, and international development goals using frontier analysis. J. Luh, R. Cronk, J. Bartram. 2016. PLoS ONE 11:1, e0147663. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0147663

  • Building capacity for water, sanitation, and hygiene programming: training evaluation theory applied to CLTS management training in Kenya. J. Crocker, K. F. Shields, V. Venkataramanan, D. Saywell, J. Bartram. 2016. Social Science & Medicine 166, pp. 66-76. doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.08.008

  • Chemical quality and regulatory compliance of drinking water in Iceland. M. J. Gunnarsdottir, S. M. Gardarsson, G. St Jonsson, J. Bartram. 2016. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 219:8, pp. 724-733. doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2016.09.011

  • Chitosan coagulation to improve microbial and turbidity removal by ceramic water filtration for household drinking water treatment. L. S. Abebe, X. Chen, M. D. Sobsey. 2016. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 13:3, pp. 269. doi.org/10.3390/ijerph13030269

  • Climate change and water and sanitation: likely impacts and emerging trends for action. G. Howard, R. Calow, A. Macdonald, J. Bartram. 2016. Annual Review of Environment and Resources 41, pp. 253-276. doi.org/10.1146/annurev-environ-110615-085856

  • Drinking water and sanitation: progress in 73 countries in relation to socioeconomic indicators. J. Luh, J. Bartram. 2016. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 94:2, pp. 111-121A. doi.org/10.2471/BLT.15.162974

  • Evaluating mobile survey tools (MSTs) for field-level monitoring and data collection: development of a novel evaluation framework, and application to MSTs for rural water and sanitation monitoring. M. B. Fisher, B. H. Mann, R. D. Cronk, K. F. Shields, T. L. Klug, R. Ramaswamy. 2016. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 13:9, pp. 840. doi.org/10.3390/ijerph13090840

  • Evaluating the Process, Costs, and Outcomes of Engaging Natural Leaders and Teachers in Community-Led Total Sanitation. J. Crocker. 2016. [Dissertation]. The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. https://cdr.lib.unc.edu/concern/dissertations/c534fp67b?locale=en

  • Impact evaluation of training natural leaders during a Community-Led Total Sanitation intervention: a cluster-randomized field trial in Ghana. J. Crocker, E. Abodoo, D. Asamani, W. Domapielle, B. Gyapong, J. Bartram. 2016. Environmental Science & Technology 50:16, pp. 8867-8875. doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.6b01557

  • Improving community health through marketing exchanges: a participatory action research study on water, sanitation, and hygiene in three Melanesian countries. D. J. Barrington, S. Sridharan, S. G. Saunders, R. T. Souter, J. Bartram, K. F. Shields, S. Meo, A. Kearton, R. K. Hughes. 2016. Social Science & Medicine 171, pp. 84-93. doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.11.003

  • Indicators for monitoring water, sanitation, and hygiene: A systematic review of indicator selection methods. S. Schwemlein, R. Cronk, J. Bartram. 2016. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 13:3. doi.org/10.3390/ijerph13030333

  • Indicators for monitoring water, sanitation, and hygiene: a systematic review. S. Schwemlein, R. Cronk, J. Bartram. 2016. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 13:3, pp. 333. doi.org/10.3390/ijerph13030333

  • Interpreting the Global Enteric Multicenter Study (GEMS) findings on sanitation, hygiene, and diarrhea. J. Crocker, J. Bartram. 2016. PLoS Medicine 13:5, e1002011. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1002011

  • Investigating multiple household water sources and uses with a computer-assisted personal interviewing (CAPI) survey. M. C. MacDonald, M. Elliott, T. Chan, A. Kearton, K. F. Shields, J. Bartram, W. L. Hadwen. 2016. Water 8:12, pp. 574. doi.org/10.3390/w8120574

  • Literature review of associations among attributes of reported drinking water disease outbreaks. G. Ligon, J. Bartram. 2016. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 13:6, pp. 527. doi.org/10.3390/ijerph13060527

  • On-plot drinking water supplies and health: a systematic review. A. Overbo, A. R. Williams, B. Evans, P. R. Hunter, J. Bartram. 2016. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 219:4, pp. 317-330. doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2016.04.008

  • Planning for climate change: The need for mechanistic systems-based approaches to study climate change impacts on diarrheal diseases. J. E. Mellor, K. Levy, J. Zimmerman, M. Elliott, J. Bartram, E. Carlton, T. Clasen, R. Dillingham, J. Eisenberg, R. Guerrant, D. Lantagne, J. Mihelcic, K. Nelson. 2016. Science of the Total Environment 548-549, pp. 82-90. doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.12.087

  • Teachers and sanitation promotion: an assessment of community-led total sanitation in Ethiopia. J. Crocker, A. Geremew, F. Atalie, M. Yetie, J. Bartram. 2016. Environmental Science & Technology 50:12, pp. 6517-6525. doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.6b01021

  • The costs of coping with poor water supply in rural Kenya. J. Cook, P. Kimuyu, D. Whittington. 2016. Water Resources Research 52:2, pp. 841-859. doi.org/10.1002/2015WR017468

  • The Flint water crisis confirms that US drinking water needs improved risk management. R. Baum, J. Bartram, S. Hrudey. 2016. Environmental Science & Technology 50:11, pp. 5436-5437. doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.6b02238

  • The history of the Nexus at the intergovernmental level. F. Dodds, J. Bartram. 2016. In The Water, Food, Energy and Climate Nexus: Challenges and an Agenda for Action, edited by Felix Dodds and Jamie Bartram, pp. 7-46. New York, NY: Routledge.

  • The water quality in Rio highlights the global public health concern over untreated sewage. J. N. S. Eisenberg, J. Bartram, T. J. Wade. 2016. Environmental Health Perspectives, 124:10, A180-A181. doi.org/10.1289%2FEHP662

  • Tracking progress towards global drinking water and sanitation targets: a within and among country analysis. J. A. Fuller, J. Goldstick, J. Bartram, J. N. S. Eisenberg. 2016. Science of the Total Environment 541, pp. 857-864. doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.09.130

  • Water and sanitation service delivery, pricing, and the poor: An empirical estimate of subsidy incidence in Nairobi, Kenya. D. Fuente, J. Gakii Gatua, M. Ikiara, J. Kabubo-Mariara, M. Mwaura, D. Whittington. 2016. Water Resources Research 52:6, pp. 4845-4862. doi.org/10.1002/2015WR018375

  • Water safety plans: bridges and barriers to implementation in North Carolina. U. Q. Amjad, J. Luh, R. Baum, J. Bartram. 2016. Journal of Water and Health 14:5, pp. 816-826. doi.org/10.2166/wh.2016.011

Our publications from 2015:
Our publications from 2014:
  • An Analysis of the Vulnerability of Global Drinking Water Access to Climate-related Hazards. M. Elliott, O. Banerjee, E. Christenson, D. Holcomb, L. Hamrick, J. Bartram. 2014. AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts 15, H52E-01.

  • Assessing the Impact of Drinking Water and Sanitation on Diarrhoeal Disease in Low- and Middle-income Settings: Systematic Review and Meta-regression. J. Wolf, A. Prüss-Ustün, M. C. Freeman, B. Gordon, P. R. Hunter, A. Jeandron, R. B Johnston, et al. 2014. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 19:8, pp. 928–942. doi.org/10.1111/tmi.12331

  • Assessing the Microbial Quality of Improved Drinking Water Sources: Results from the Dominican Republic. R. Baum, G. Kayser, C. Stauber, M. Sobsey. 2014.  American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 90:1, pp. 121–123. doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.13-0380

  • Beyond Direct Impact: Evidence Synthesis Towards a Better Understanding of Effectiveness of Environmental Health Interventions. E. A. Rehfuess, J. Bartram. 2013. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 217:2-3, pp. 155–159. doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2013.07.011.

  • Building Integrated Approaches into the Sustainable Development Goals: A Declaration from the Nexus 2014: Water, Food, Climate and Energy Conference in the name of the Co-directors held at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, March 5th to 8th 2014. The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Dodds, Felix, and Jamie Bartram. 2014. http://nexusconference.web.unc.edu/files/2014/08/nexus-declaration.pdf.

  • Burden of Disease from Inadequate Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Low- and Middle-income Settings: a Retrospective Analysis of Data from 145 Countries. A. Prüss-Ustün, J. Bartram, S. Cairncross, P. R. Hunter, R. B. Johnston, C. Mathers, D. Mäusezahl, et al. 2014. Tropical Medicine & International Health 19:8, pp. 894–905. doi.org/10.1111/tmi.12329

  • Circuit Rider Post-construction Support: Improvements in Domestic Water Quality and System Sustainability in El Salvador. G. L. Kayser, W. Moomaw, J. M. O. Portillo, J. K. Griffiths. 2014. Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development 4:3, pp. 460–470. doi.org/10.2166/washdev.2014.136

  • Climate-Related Hazards: A Method for Global Assessment of Urban and Rural Population Exposure to Cyclones, Droughts, and Floods. E. Christenson, M. Elliott, O. Banerjee, L. Hamrick, J. Bartram. 2014. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 11, pp. 2169–2192. doi:10.3390/ijerph110202169.

  • Comparison and Cost Analysis of Drinking Water Quality Monitoring Requirements Versus Practice in Seven Developing Countries. J. Crocker, J. Bartram. 2014. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 11:7, pp. 7333–7436. doi.org/10.3390/ijerph110707333.

  • Country Clustering Applied to the Water and Sanitation Sector: A New Tool with Potential Applications in Research and Policy. K. Onda, J. Crocker, G. Lyn Kayser, J. Bartram. 2014. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 217:2-3, pp. 379–385. doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2013.07.017

  • Does Global Progress on Sanitation Really Lag Behind Water? An Analysis of Global Progress on Community- and Household-Level Access to Safe Water and Sanitation. O. Cumming, M. Elliott, A. Overbo, J. Bartram. 2014. PLOS One 9:12, e114699. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114699

  • Examining the Influence of Urban Definition When Assessing Relative Safety of Drinking-water in Nigeria. E. Christenson, R. Bain, J. Wright, S. Aondoakaa, R. Hossain, J. Bartram. 2014. Science of The Total Environment 490, pp. 301–312. doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.05.010

  • Examining the Practice of Developing Human Rights Indicators to Facilitate Accountability for the Human Right to Water and Sanitation. B. M. Meier, J. G. Kestenbaum, G. L. Kayser, U. Q. Amjad, J. Bartram. 2014. Journal of Human Rights Practice 6:1, pp. 159–181. doi.org/10.1093/jhuman/hut031

  • Fecal Contamination of Drinking-Water in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. R. Bain, R. Cronk, J. Wright, H. Yang, T. Slaymaker, J. Bartram. 2014. PLOS Medicine 11:5, e1001644. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001644.

  • Global Assessment of Exposure to Faecal Contamination Through Drinking Water Based on a Systematic Review. R. Bain, R. Cronk, R. Hossain, S. Bonjour, K. Onda, J. Wright, H. Yang, P. Hunter, A. Prüss-Ustün, J. Bartram. 2014. Tropical Medicine and International Health 19:8, pp. 917–927. doi.org/10.1111/tmi.12334

  • Global Monitoring of Water Supply and Sanitation: History, Methods and Future Challenges. J. Bartram, C. Brocklehurst, M. B Fisher, R. Luyendijk, R. Hossain, T. Wardlaw, B. Gordon. 2014. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 11:8, pp. 8137–8165. doi.org/10.3390/ijerph110808137

  • Human Health and the Water Environment: Using the DPSEEA Framework to Identify the Driving Forces of Disease. J. Gentry-Shields, J. Bartram. 2014. Science of The Total Environment 468-469, pp. 306–314. doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.08.052

  • Racial Disparities in Access to Community Water Supply Service in Wake County, North Carolina. J. MacDonald Gibson, N. DeFelice, D. Sebastian, H. Leker. 2014. Frontiers in Public Health Services and Systems Research, 3:3. doi.org/10.13023/FPHSSR.0303.06

  • Revisiting Dignity: The Human Right to Sanitation. M. Langford, J. Bartram, V. Roaf. 2014. In The Human Right to Water: Theory, Practice, and Prospects. Cambridge University Press.

  • Rights-Based Indicators Regarding Non-Discrimination and Equity in Access to Water and Sanitation. U. Q. Amjad, G. Kayser, B. M. Meier. 2014. Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development 4:1, pp. 182–87. doi.org/10.2166/washdev.2013.041

  • Rural: Urban Inequalities in Post 2015 Targets and Indicators for Drinking-water. R. E. S. Bain, J. A, Wright, E. Christenson, J. K. Bartram. 2014. Science of The Total Environment, 490:15, pp. 509–513. doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.05.007.

  • Scaling up Rural Sanitation in India. C. Brocklehurst. 2014. PLoS Med 11:8, e1001710. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001710

  • Sustainability Check: Five-year Annual Sustainability Audits of the Water Supply and Open Defecation Free Status in the ‘One Million Initiative’, Mozambique. S. Godfrey, M. van der Velden, A. Muianga, A. Xavier, K. Downs, C. Morgan, J. Bartram. 2014. Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development 4:3, pp. 471–483. doi.org/10.2166/washdev.2014.118.

  • Translating the Human Right to Water and Sanitation into Public Policy Reform. B. M. Meier, G. L. Kayser, J. G. Kestenbaum, U. Q. Amjad, F. Dalcanale, J. Bartram. 2014. Science and Engineering Ethics 20, pp. 833-848. doi.org/10.1007/s11948-013-9504-x

  • Water Quality Laboratories in Colombia: A GIS-based Study of Urban and Rural Accessibility. J. Wright, J. Liu, R. Bain, A. Perez, J. Crocker, J. Bartram, S. Gundry. 2014. Science of The Total Environment 485-486, pp. 643–652. doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.03.127.

  • The Plain Language Guide to Rio+20: Preparing for the New Development Agenda. F. Dodds, J. Laguna-Celis, L. Thompson, eds. 2014. New World Frontiers Publishing. Available at: http://newfrontierspublishing.com/all-books/51-the-plain-language-guide-to-rio-20

Our publications from 2013:
  • Accuracy of the H2S Test: a Systematic Review of the Influence of Bacterial Density and Sample Volume. H. Yang, J. A. Wright, R. E. Bain, S. Pedley, M. Elliott, S. W. Gundry. 2013. Journal of Water and Health 11:2, pp. 173–185. doi.org/10.2166/wh.2013.225

  • An Assessment of Capacity and Resource Needs of North Carolina Watershed Programs. R. Cronk, M. Drostin, K. Grey, C. Perry, P. Beggs, N. Wilkinson, P. Clark, M. Schlegel. 2013. UNC Institute for the Environment: Chapel Hill, NC. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/275017840_An_Assessment_of_Capacity_and_Resource_Needs_of_North_Carolina_Watershed_Programs

  • Analysis of Water Safety Plan Costs from Case Studies in the Western Pacific Region. Z. K. Chang, M. L. Chong, J. Bartram. 2013. Water Science & Technology: Water Supply 13:5, pp. 1358–1366. doi.org/10.2166/ws.2013.146

  • Deaths and Medical Visits Attributable to Environmental Pollution in the United Arab Emirates. J. M. Gibson, J. Thomsen, F. Launay, E. Harder, N. DeFelice. 2013. PLOS One 8:3, e57536. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0057536

  • Domestic Water and Sanitation as Water Security: Monitoring, Concepts and Strategy. D. J. Bradley, J. K. Bartram. 2013. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical, & Engineering Sciences 371, 20120420. doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2012.0420

  • Domestic Water Service Delivery Indicators and Frameworks for Monitoring, Evaluation, Policy and Planning: A Review. G. L. Kayser, P. Moriarty, C. Fonseca, J. Bartram. 2013. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 10, pp. 4812–4835. doi.org/10.3390/ijerph10104812

  • Drinking-Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Beyond the Household: A Global Review and Situational Assessment of Ghana. R. Cronk. 2013. [Masters Thesis]. The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. https://cdr.lib.unc.edu/concern/dissertations/pc289k323

  • Equity in Water and Sanitation: Developing an Index to Measure Progressive Realization of the Human Right. J. Luh, R. Baum, J. Bartram. 2013. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 216:6, pp. 662–671. doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2012.12.007

  • Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage in Malawi: Report on the 18 April, 2013 Stakeholders’ Consultative Workshop on the Development of a National Action Plan. R. Rowe. 2013. http://hwts.web.unc.edu/files/2014/07/2013MalawiReportFinal.pdf.

  • Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage in West Africa: Report of a May 2013 Regional Workshop on Household Water Treatment and Integrated Environmental Health Interventions. R. Rowe. 2013. http://hwts.web.unc.edu/files/2014/08/2013Accra_Report_Final.pdf.

  • Implementing an Evolving Human Right Through Water and Sanitation Policy. B. M. Meier, G. L. Kayser, U. Q, Amjad, J. Bartram. 2013. Water Policy 15:1, pp. 116–133. doi.org/10.2166/wp.2012.198

  • Preventing Cryptosporidiosis: The Need for Safe Drinking Water. R. Peletz, T. Mahin, M. Elliott, M. Montgomery, T. Clasen. 2013. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 91:4, pp. 238–238A. doi.org/10.2471/BLT.13.119990

  • Proposed Core WaSH MEL Indicators: Monitoring for Continuous Program Quality Improvement. M. B. Fisher, R. Bain, P. Kolsky, R. Ramaswamy, K. Liang, R. Cronk, J. Bartram. 2013. The Water Institute at UNC, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. https://waterinstitute.unc.edu/files/2016/03/WaSH-MEL-Proposed-Core-Indicators.pdf

  • Public Health and Social Benefits of at-House Water Supplies. B. Evans, J. Bartram, P. Hunter, A. Williams, J. Geere, B. Majuru, L. Bates, M. Fisher, A. Overbo, W. Schmidt. 2013. http://r4d.dfid.gov.uk/pdf/outputs/water/61005-DFID_HH_water_supplies_final_report.pdf

  • Relative Benefits of On-plot Water Supply over Other ‘improved’ Sources in Rural Vietnam. J. Brown, V. Thi Thien, L. McMahan, M. W. Jenkins, L. Thie, K. Liang, E. Printy, M. D. Sobsey. 2012. Tropical Medicine and International Health 18:1, pp. 65–74. doi.org/10.111/tmi.12010

  • Sanitation: A Global Estimate of Sewerage Connections Without Treatment and the Resulting Impact on MDG Progress. R. Baum, J. Luh, J. Bartram. 2013.  Environmental Science & Technology 47:4, pp. 1994–2000. doi.org/10.1021/es304284f

  • Universal access to drinking water: the role of aid. R. Bain, R. Luyendijk, J. Bartram. 2013. WIDER Working Paper No. 2013/88. Helsinki: UNU World Institute for Development Economics Research.  http://www.wider.unu.edu/publications/working-papers/2013/en_GB/wp2013-088/

  • Water Safety and Inequality in Access to Drinking-water Between Rich and Poor Households. H. Yang, R. Bain, J. Bartram, S. Gundry, S. Pedley, J. Wright. 2012. Environmental Science and Technology, 47:3, pp. 1222–1230. doi.org/10.1021/es303345p

  • Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Interventions to Improve Health Among People Living with HIV/AIDS: a Systematic Review. R. Peletz, T. Mahin, M. Elliott, M. S. Harris, K. S. Chan, M. S. Cohen, J. K, Bartram, T. F Clasen. 2013. AIDS 27:16, pp. 2593–2601. doi.org/10.1097/QAD.0b013e3283633a5f

Our publications from 2012:
  • A Summary Catalogue of Microbial Drinking Water Tests for Low and Medium Resource Settings. R. Bain, J. Bartram, M. Elliott, R. Matthews, L. McMahan, R. Tung, P. Chuang, S. Gundry. 2012. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 9:5, pp. 1609–1625. doi.org/10.3390/ijerph9051609

  • Accounting for Water Quality in Monitoring Access to Safe Drinking-water as Part of the Millennium Development Goals: Lessons from Five Countries. R. Bain, S. W. Gundry, J. A. Wright, H. Yang, S. Pedley, J. K. Bartram. 2012. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, pp. 228–235A. doi.org/10.2471/BLT.11.094284

  • Animal Waste, Water Quality and Human Health. Emerging Issues in Water and Infectious Disease Series. A. Dufour, J. Bartram, R. Bos, V. Gannon, eds. 2012. Vol. 6. London, United Kingdom: IWA Publishing. Available at: www.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/75700/1/9789241564519_eng.pdf

  • Benefits of Water Safety Plans: Microbiology, Compliance, and Public Health. M. J. Gunnarsdottir,  S. M. Gardarsson, M. Elliott, G. Sigmundsdottir, J. Bartram. 2012. Environmental Science & Technology, 46:14, pp. 7782–7789. doi.org/10.1021/es300372h

  • Cluster randomized controlled trial of the plastic BioSand water filter in Cambodia. C. Stauber, E. Printy, F. McCarty, K. Liang, M. Sobsey. 2012. Environmental Science and Technology 46:2, pp: 722-728. doi.org/10.1021/es203114q

  • Comment on ‘Randomized Intervention Study of Solar Disinfection of Drinking Water in the Prevention of Dysentery in Kenyan Children Aged Under 5 Years’. P. R. Hunter, J. Bartram, S. Cairncross. 2012. Environmental Science & Technology 46:5, pp. 3035–3035. doi.org/10.1021/es204500c

  • Commentary on community-led total sanitation and human rights: should the right to community-wide health be won at the cost of individual rights? J. Bartram, K. Charles, B. Evans, L. O’Hanlon, S. Pedley. 2012. Journal of Water and Health 10:4, pp. 499–503. doi.org/10.2166/wh.2012.205

  • Effective Control of Schistosoma Haematobium Infection in a Ghanaian Community Following Installation of a Water Recreation Area. K. C. Kosinski, M. N. Adjei, K. M. Bosompem, J. J. Crocker, J. L. Durant, D. Osabutey, J. D. Plummer, et al. 2012. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 6:7, e1709. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0001709

  • Evaluation of the Impact of the Plastic BioSand Filter on Health and Drinking Water Quality in Rural Tamale, Ghana. C. E. Stauber, B. Kominek, K. R. Liang, M. K. Osman, M. D. Sobsey. 2012. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 9:11, pp. 3806–3823. doi.org/10.3390/ijerph9113806

  • Getting Wet, Clean, and Healthy: Why Households Matter. J. Bartram, M. Elliott, P. Chuang. 2012. The Lancet 380:9837, pp. 85–86. doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60903-9

  • Global Access to Safe Water: Accounting for Water Quality and the Resulting Impact on MDG Progress. K. Onda, J. Lobuglio, J. Bartram. 2012. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 9:3, pp. 880–894. doi.org/10.3390/ijerph9030880

  • Icelandic Experience with Water Safety Plans. M. J. Gunnarsdottir, S. M. Gardarsson, J. Bartram. 2012. Water Science & Technology 65:2, pp. 277–288. doi.org/10.2166/wst.2012.801

  • Improved but Not Necessarily Safe: Water Access and the Millennium Development Goals. R. Bain, J. Wright, H. Yang, S. Gundry, S. Pedley, J. Bartram. 2014. In Global Water: Issues and Insights, pp. 89–94. Canberra, Australia: Australian National University Press. Available at: http://press.anu.edu.au/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/whole.pdf#page=97.

  • Randomized Control Trials. D. Fuente, D. Whittington. 2012. From Routledge Handbook of Public Policy. <a href="https://books.google.com/books?hl=en

  • Testing CLTS Approaches to Scalability: Systematic Literature Review. V. Venkataramanan. 2012. The Water Institute at UNC, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA. https://waterinstitute.unc.edu/files/2015/03/CLTS-Systematic-Literature-Review-Final-Report-Appendix-1-4.pdf

  • Utilization of microbial source-tracking markers to inform targeted remediation and predict potential pathogens in high priority surface waters. J. G. Shields. 2012. The University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. doi.org/10.17615/jve6-yq47

  • Water and Sanitation in Schools: A Systematic Review of the Health and Educational Outcomes. C. Jasper, T. Le, J. Bartram. 2012. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 9:8, pp. 2772–2787. doi.org/10.3390/ijerph9082772

Our publications from 2011:
Our publications from 2010:
Our publications from 2009 and 2010:
  • Comment on ‘Household Water Treatment in Poor Populations: Is There Enough Evidence for Scaling up Now?’ T. Clasen, J. Bartram, J. Colford, S. Luby, R. Quick, M. Sobsey. 2009. Environmental Science & Technology, 43:14, pp. 5542–5544. doi.org/10.1021/es9008147

  • How Health Professionals Can Leverage Health Gains from Improved Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Practices. J. Bartram, J. Platt. 2010. Perspectives in Public Health 130:5, pp. 215–221. doi.org/10.1177/1757913910379193

  • Securing 2020 Vision for 2030: Climate Change and Ensuring Resilience in Water and Sanitation Services. G. Howard, K. Charles, K. Pond, A. Brookshaw, R. Hossain, J. Bartram. 2010. Journal of Water and Climate Change 1:1, pp. 2–16. doi.org/10.2166/wcc.2010.105b

  • Short-sightedness in Sight-saving: Half a Strategy Will Not Eliminate Blinding Trachoma. M. A. Montgomery, J. Bartram. 2010. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 88:2, pp. 82. doi.org/10.2471/BLT.09.075424.

  • Swimming Upstream: Why Sanitation, Hygiene and Water Are so Important to Mothers and Their Daughters. C. Brocklehurst, J. Bartram. 2010. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 88:7, pp. 482–482. doi.org/10.2471/BLT.10.080077

  • Too Much or Too Little? A Review of the Conundrum of Selenium. F. Gore, J. Fawell, J. Bartram. 2010. Journal of Water and Health 8:3, pp. 405–416. doi.org/10.2166/wh.2009.060