About Christopher Cline

Environ Sci Engineering - Ops

Implementation Context in Kenya, Ghana, and Ethiopia

This post synthesizes three situational assessments characterizing the CLTS implementation context in Kenya, Ghana, and Ethiopia. The individual assessments are available in our Resource Library.

Countries across Africa, Asia, and Latin America aim to implement community-led total sanitation (CLTS) as part of national sanitation policy. Grey literature by CLTS practitioners suggests local actors play important roles […]

Community-led Total Sanitation in Kenya, Ghana, and Ethiopia: Findings from Situational Assessments

A situational assessment can inform program planning and evaluation. We assessed national policy, institutional arrangements, and monitoring systems for CLTS in Ethiopia, Ghana, and Kenya prior to evaluations of Plan International’s CLTS projects with local actors. In three short research summaries, we present the strong national government support for CLTS and the key role […]

World Toilet Day: The Role of Local Government, Natural Leaders, and Teachers in CLTS

This post features preliminary findings from the Testing CLTS Approaches for Scalability project, presented by Jonny Crocker, PhD student at UNC Chapel Hill, at the 37th WEDC International Conference in Hanoi, Vietnam in September 2014. Download the 4-page project briefing and accompanying presentation.

Each year on World Toilet Day the international community recognizes that 2.5 […]

2014 Network Annual Meeting

October 13, 2014
Chapel Hill, NC, USA
Convened by the Water Institute at UNC

The 2014 Annual Network meeting was held in Chapel Hill, USA on 13 October 2014 as part of the weeklong Water and Health Conference at the University of North Carolina. There were more than 40 individuals representing 30 different organizations in attendance.

The meeting […]

How to integrate water, sanitation and hygiene into HIV programmes

This document provides guidance on the integration of water, sanitation, hygiene practices into official HIV guidelines and standards, and into HIV programming.


World Health Organization, USAID, 2010

Resource Links


Essential prevention and care interventions for adults and adolescents living with HIV in resource-limited settings

This document provides recommendations covering thirteen areas of intervention seen as low cost and of particular importance for people living with HIV. Included among these are water, sanitation and hygiene interventions.


WHO, 2008

Resource Links


Cholera Toolkit

This toolkit provides guidance, tools, and good practice for understanding cholera, conducting monitoring activities, coordinating stakeholders, communications, prevention, preparedness, case management and other important areas of a cholera response strategy. Materials are relevant for both policy-makers and practitioners in development programmes and emergency response.


UNICEF, 2013

Resource Links


Evaluating household water treatment options

This document sets forth global criteria to evaluate whether a household water treatment method reduces waterborne pathogens sufficiently to protect health and can assist implementers and policy-makers in selecting options suited to local conditions.


World Health Organization, 2011

Resource Links


Testing CLTS Approaches for Scalability: Project Briefing

These two documents feature preliminary findings from the Testing CLTS Approaches for Scalability project, presented at the 37th WEDC International Conference in Hanoi, Vietnam in September 2014. They capture our current knowledge as to the different ways in which local government, natural leaders, and teachers engage in the CLTS process.

> Download the project briefing […]

Household Water Newsletter, Issue 32

This newsletter is released periodically by the Water Institute at UNC to the members and subscribers to the International Network on Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage.

Announcements and Network Secretariat News

Save the Date! The Network will hold its Annual Meeting on October 13, 2014 at the Water and Health Conference in Chapel Hill, […]