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Publications

Our research contributes to evidence-based decisions in the scientific, policy and practitioner communities domestically and internationally.

Here is a list of our publications from 2017:
  • A systematic review of waterborne infections from nontuberculous mycobacteria in health care facility water systems. Trudy Li, Lydia S. Abebe, Ryan Cronk, and Jamie Bartram. 2017. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, forthcoming. doi:10.1016/j.ijheh.2016.12.002.

  • Expert assessment of the resilience of drinking water and sanitation systems to climate-related hazards. Jeanne Luh, Sarah Royster, Daniel Sebastian, Edema Ojomo, and Jamie Bartram. 2017. Science of The Total Environment 592: 334-344. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.03.084.

  • Improving water, sanitation, and hygiene in schools in Indonesia: a cross-sectional assessment on sustaining infrastructural and behavioral interventions. Andrew J. Karon, Aidan A. Cronin, Ryan Cronk, and Reza Hendrawan. 2017. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, forthcoming. doi:10.1016/j.ijheh.2017.02.001.

  • Monitoring the progressive realization of the human rights to water and sanitation: frontier analysis as a basis to enhance human rights accountability. Benjamin M. Meier, Ryan Cronk, Jeanne Luh, Catarina de Albuquerque, and Jamie Bartram. 2017. In Oxford Handbook of Water Politics and Policy, edited by Ken Conca and Erika Weinthal, forthcoming. Cary, NC: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199335084.013.21.

  • Resource mobilization for community-managed rural water systems: evidence from Ghana, Kenya, and Zambia. Nikki L. Behnke, Tori Klug, Ryan Cronk, Katherine F. Shields, Kristen Lee, Emma R. Kelly, Greg Allgood, and Jamie Bartram. 2017. Journal of Cleaner Production, forthcoming.  doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.04.016.

  • Water quality, compliance, and health outcomes among utilities implementing Water Safety Plans in France and Spain. Karen E. Setty, Georgia L. Kayser, Michael Bowling, Jerome Enault, Jean-Francois Loret, Claudia Puigdomenech Serra, Jordi Martin Alonso, Arnau Pla Mateu, and Jamie Bartram. 2017. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, forthcoming. doi:10.1016/j.ijheh.2017.02.004.

  • Water system hardware and management rehabilitation: qualitative evidence from Ghana, Kenya, and Zambia. Tori Klug, Katherine F. Shields, Ryan Cronk, Emma Kelly, Nikki Behnke, Kristen Lee, and Jamie Bartram. 2017. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, forthcoming. doi:10.1016/j.ijheh.2017.02.009.

Here is a list of our publications from 2016:
  • Adapting drinking-water systems to coastal climate change: evidence from Viet Nam and the Philippines. Edema Ojomo and Jamie Bartram. 2016. Regional Environmental Change 16(8): 2409-2418. doi:10.1007/s10113-016-0965-8.

  • Addressing WaSH challenges in Pacific Island Countries: A participatory marketing systems mapping approach to empower informal settlement community action. Stephen G. Saunders, Dani J. Barrington, Srinivas Sridharan, Semisi Meo, Wade Hadwen, Katherine F. Shields, Regina Souter, and Jamie K. Bartram. 2016. Habitat International 55: 159-166. doi:10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.03.010.

  • Assessing progress towards public health, human rights, and international development goals using frontier analysis. Jeanne Luh, Ryan Cronk, and Jamie Bartram. 2016. PLoS ONE 11(1): e0147663. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0147663.

  • Building capacity for water, sanitation, and hygiene programming: training evaluation theory applied to CLTS management training in Kenya. Jonny Crocker, Katherine F. Shields, Vidya Venkataramanan, Darren Saywell, and Jamie Bartram. 2016. Social Science & Medicine 166: 66-76. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.08.008.

  • Chemical quality and regulatory compliance of drinking water in Iceland. Maria J. Gunnarsdottir, Sigurdur M Gardarsson, Gunnar St Jonsson, and Jamie Bartram. 2016. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 219(8): 724-733. doi:10.1016/j.ijheh.2016.09.011.

  • Chitosan coagulation to improve microbial and turbidity removal by ceramic water filtration for household drinking water treatment. Lydia S. Abebe, Xinyu Chen, and Mark D. Sobsey. 2016. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 13(3), 269. doi:10.3390/ijerph13030269.

  • Climate change and water and sanitation: likely impacts and emerging trends for action. Guy Howard, Roger Calow, Alan Macdonald, and Jamie Bartram. 2016. Annual Review of Environment and Resources 41: 253-276. doi:10.1146/annurev-environ-110615-085856.

  • Drinking water and sanitation: progress in 73 countries in relation to socioeconomic indicators. Jeanne Luh and Jamie Bartram. 2016. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 94(2): 111-121A. doi:10.2471/BLT.15.162974.

  • Evaluating mobile survey tools (MSTs) for field-level monitoring and data collection: development of a novel evaluation framework, and application to MSTs for rural water and sanitation monitoring. Michael B. Fisher, Benjamin H. Mann, Ryan D. Cronk, Katherine F. Shields, Tori L. Klug, and Rohit Ramaswamy. 2016. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 13(9), 840. doi:10.3390/ijerph13090840.

  • Impact evaluation of training natural leaders during a Community-Led Total Sanitation intervention: a cluster-randomized field trial in Ghana. Jonny Crocker, Elvis Abodoo, Daniel Asamani, William Domapielle, Benedict Gyapong, and Jamie Bartram. 2016. Environmental Science & Technology 50(16): 8867-8875. doi:10.1021/acs.est.6b01557.

  • Improving community health through marketing exchanges: a participatory action research study on water, sanitation, and hygiene in three Melanesian countries. Dani J. Barrington, Srinivas Sridharan, Stephen G. Saunders, Regina T. Souter, Jamie Bartram, Katherine F. Shields, Semisi Meo, Annika Kearton, Robert K. Hughes. 2016. Social Science & Medicine 171: 84-93. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.11.003.

  • Indicators for monitoring water, sanitation, and hygiene: a systematic review. Stefanie Schwemlein, Ryan Cronk, and Jamie Bartram. 2016. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 13(3), 333. doi:10.3390/ijerph13030333.

  • Interpreting the Global Enteric Multicenter Study (GEMS) findings on sanitation, hygiene, and diarrhea. Jonny Crocker and Jamie Bartram. 2016. PLoS Medicine 13(5): e1002011. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1002011.

  • Investigating multiple household water sources and uses with a computer-assisted personal interviewing (CAPI) survey. Morgan C. MacDonald, Mark Elliott, Terence Chan, Annika Kearton, Katherine F. Shields, Jamie Bartram, and Wade L. Hadwen. 2016. Water 8(12): 574. doi:10.3390/w8120574.

  • Literature review of associations among attributes of reported drinking water disease outbreaks. Grant Ligon and Jamie Bartram. 2016. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 13(6): 527. doi:10.3390/ijerph13060527.

  • On-plot drinking water supplies and health: a systematic review. Alycia Overbo, Ashley R. Williams, Barbara Evans, Paul R. Hunter, and Jamie Bartram. 2016. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 219(4): 317-330. doi:10.1016/j.ijheh.2016.04.008.

  • Planning for climate change: The need for mechanistic systems-based approaches to study climate change impacts on diarrheal diseases. Jonathan E. Mellor, Karen Levy, Julie Zimmerman, Mark Elliott, Jamie Bartram, Elizabeth Carlton, Thomas Clasen, Rebecca Dillingham, Joseph Eisenberg, Richard Guerrant, Daniele Lantagne, James Mihelcic, and Kara Nelson. 2016. Science of the Total Environment 548-549: 82-90. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.12.087.

  • Teachers and sanitation promotion: an assessment of community-led total sanitation in Ethiopia. Jonny Crocker, Abiyot Geremew, Fisseha Atalie, Messele Yetie, and Jamie Bartram. 2016. Environmental Science & Technology 50(12): 6517-6525. doi:10.1021/acs.est.6b01021.

  • The costs of coping with poor water supply in rural Kenya. Joseph Cook, Peter Kimuyu, and Dale Whittington. 2016. Water Resources Research 52(2): 841-859. doi:10.1002/2015WR017468.

  • The Flint water crisis confirms that US drinking water needs improved risk management. Rachel Baum, Jamie Bartram, and Steve Hrudey. 2016. Environmental Science & Technology 50(11): 5436-5437. doi:10.1021/acs.est.6b02238.

  • The history of the Nexus at the intergovernmental level. Felix Dodds and Jamie Bartram. 2016. In The Water, Food, Energy and Climate Nexus: Challenges and an Agenda for Action, edited by Felix Dodds and Jamie Bartram, 7-46. New York, NY: Routledge.

  • The water quality in Rio highlights the global public health concern over untreated sewage. Joseph N.S. Eisenberg, Jamie Bartram, and Timothy J. Wade. 2016. Environmental Health Perspectives 124(10): A180-A181. doi:10.1289%2FEHP662.

  • Tracking progress towards global drinking water and sanitation targets: a within and among country analysis. James A. Fuller, Jason Goldstick, Jamie Bartram, and Joseph N.S. Eisenberg. 2016. Science of the Total Environment 541: 857-864. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.09.130.

  • Water safety plans: bridges and barriers to implementation in North Carolina. Urooj Q. Amjad, Jeanne Luh, Rachel Baum, and Jamie Bartram. 2016. Journal of Water and Health 14(5): 816-826. doi:10.2166/wh.2016.011.

Here is a list of our publications from 2015:
  • Amjad, Urooj, Edema Ojomo, Kristen Downs, Ryan Cronk, and Jamie Bartram. 2015. “Rethinking Sustainability, Scaling Up, and Enabling Environment: A Framework for Their Implementation in Drinking Water Supply.” Water 7: 1497-1514. doi:10.3390/w7041497.

  • Bain, Robert, E.S., Claire Woodall, John Elliott, Benjamin F. Arnold, Rosalind Tung, Robert Morley, Martella du Preez, Jamie K. Bartram, Anthony P. Davis, Stephen W. Gundry, and Stephen Pedley. 2015. Evaluation of an Inexpensive Growth Medium for Direct Detection of Escherichia coli in Temperate and Sub-Tropical Waters. PLoS ONE 10(10): e0140997. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0140997.

  • Bartram, Jamie, ed. 2015. Routledge Handbook of Water and Health. New York: Routledge. https://www.routledge.com/products/9781138910072.

  • Bartram, Jamie, Ryan Cronk, Maggie Montgomery, Bruce Gordon, Maria Neira, Edward Kelley, and Yael Velleman. 2015. “Lack of toilets and safe water in health-care facilities.” Bulletin of the World Health Organization 93: 210. doi:10.2471/BLT.15.154609.

  • Baum, Rachel, Urooj Amjad, Jeanne Luh, and Jamie Bartram. In press. “An Examination of the Potential Added Value of Water Safety Plans to the United States National Drinking Water Legislation.” International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health. doi:10.1016/j.ijheh.2014.12.004.

  • Brown, Joe, Oliver Cumming, Jamie Bartram, Sandy Cairncross, Jeroen Ensink, David Holcomb, Jackie Knee, Peter Kolsky, Kaida Liang, Song Liang, Rassul Nala, Guy Norman, Richard Rheingans, Jill Stewart, Olimpio Zavale, Valentina Zuin, and Wolf-Peter Schmidt. 2015. “A Controlled, Before-and-After Trial of an Urban Sanitation Intervention to Reduce Enteric Infections in Children: Research Protocol for the Maputo Sanitation (MapSan) Study, Mozambique.” BMJ Open 5(6): e008215. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008215.

  • Cronk, Ryan, and Jamie Bartram. 2015. Water, sanitation and hygiene in health care facilities: Status in low and middle income countries and way forward. Geneva: World Health Organization. http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/publications/wash-health-care-facilities/en/.

  • Cronk, Ryan, Jeanne Luh, Benjamin Mason Meier, and Jamie Bartram. 2015. The Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Performance Index: A comparison of country performance in realizing universal WaSH. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. https://waterinstitute.unc.edu/wash-performance-index-report/.

  • Cronk, Ryan, Tom Slaymaker, and Jamie Bartram. In press. “Monitoring Drinking Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene in Non-Household Settings: Priorities for Policy and Practice.” International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health. doi:10.1016/j.ijheh.2015.03.003.

  • Fisher, Michael B., Ashley R. Williams, Mohamed F. Jalloh, George Saquee, Robert E. S. Bain, and Jamie Bartram. 2015. “Microbiological and Chemical Quality of Packaged Sachet Water and Household Stored Drinking Water in Freetown, Sierra Leone.” PLoS ONE 10(7): e0131772. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0131772.

  • Fisher, Michael B., Katherine F. Shields, Terence U. Chen, Elizabeth Christenson, Ryan D. Cronk, Hannah Leker, Destina Samani, Patrick Apoya, Alexandra Lutz, and Jamie Bartram. Accepted Article. 2015. “Understanding handpump sustainability: Determinants of rural water source functionality in the Greater Afram Plains region of Ghana.” Water Resouces Researchdoi: 10.1002/2014WR016770.

  • Gunnarsdottir, Maria J., Sigurdur M. Gardarsson, and Jamie Bartram. 2015. “Developing a National Framework for Safe Drinking water – Case Study from Iceland.” International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 218: 196–202. doi:10.1016/j.ijheh.2014.10.003.

  • Gunnarsdottir, Maria J., Sigurdur M. Gardarsson, Gunnar St. Jonsson, Halldor Armannsson, and Jamie Bartram. 2015. “Natural Background Levels for Chemicals in Icelandic Aquifers.” Hydrology Research 46.4: 647-660.  doi:10.2166/nh.2014.123.

  • Hadwen, Wade L., Bronwyn Powell, Morgan C. MacDonald, Mark Elliott, Terence Chan, Wolfgang Gernjak, and William G. L. Aalbersberg. 2015. “Putting WASH in the Water Cycle: Climate Change, Water Resources and the Future of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Challenges in Pacific Island Countries.” Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development 5: 183-191doi:10.2166/washdev.2015.133.

  • Jordanova, Tania, Ryan Cronk, Wanda Obando, Octavio Zeledon Medina, Rinko Kinoshita, and Jamie Bartram. 2015. “Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene in Schools in Low Socio-Economic Regions in Nicaragua: A Cross Sectional Survey.” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 12: 6197-6217. doi:10.3390/ijerph120606197.

  • Kayser, Georgia L., Urooj Amjad, Fernanda Dalcanale, Jamie Bartram, and Margaret E. Bentley. 2015. “Drinking Water Quality Governance: A Comparative Case Study of Brazil, Ecuador, and Malawi.” Environmental Science & Policy 48: 186–95. doi:10.1016/j.envsci.2014.12.019.

  • Kostyla, Caroline, Rob Bain, Ryan Cronk, and Jamie Bartram. 2015. “Seasonal Variation of Fecal Contamination in Drinking Water Sources in Developing Countries: A Systematic Review.” Science of The Total Environment 514: 333–43. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.01.018.

  • Luh, Jeanne, Elizabeth C. Christenson, Aizhan Toregozhina, David A. Holcomb, Tucker Witsil, Laura R. Hamrick, Edema Ojomo, and Jamie Bartram. 2015. “Vulnerability assessment for loss of access to drinking water due to extreme weather events.” Climatic Change. doi:10.​1007/​s10584-015-1493-0.

  • Naman, Julia Marie, and Jacqueline MacDonald Gibson. 2015. “Disparities in Water and Sewer Services in North Carolina: An Analysis of the Decision-Making Process.” American Journal of Public Health 105(10): e20-6. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2015.302731.

  • Ojomo, Edema, Mark Elliott, Lorelei Goodyear, Michael Forson, and Jamie Bartram. In press. “Sustainability and scale-up of household water treatment and safe storage practices: enablers and barriers to effective implementation.” International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health. doi:10.1016/j.ijheh.2015.03.002.

  • Ojomo, Edema, Mark Elliott, Urooj Amjad, and Jamie Bartram. 2015. “Climate Change Preparedness: A Knowledge and Attitudes Study in Southern Nigeria.” Environments 2(4): 435-448. doi:10.3390/environments2040435.

  • Shields, Katherine F., Robert E.S. Bain, Ryan Cronk, Jim A. Wright, and Jamie Bartram. In press. “Association of Supply Type with Fecal Contamination of Source Water and Household Stored Drinking Water in Developing Countries: A Bivariate Meta-analysis.” Environmental Health Perspectives. doi:10.1289/ehp.1409002.

  • Venkataramanan, Vidya. 2014. CLTS Learning Series: Cambodia Country Report. Chapel Hill, USA: The Water Institute at UNC. http://waterinstitute.unc.edu/files/2015/07/learning-series-cambodia-country-report-2014-10.pdf.

  • Venkataramanan, Vidya. 2014. CLTS Learning Series: Lao PDR Country Report. Chapel Hill, USA: The Water Institute at UNC. https://waterinstitute.unc.edu/files/2015/08/learning-series-laos-country-report-2014-10.pdf.

  • Venkataramanan, Vidya. 2015. CLTS Learning Series: Haiti Country Report. Chapel Hill, USA: The Water Institute at UNC. https://waterinstitute.unc.edu/files/2015/09/learning-series-haiti-country-report-2015-08.pdf.

  • Venkataramanan, Vidya. 2015. CLTS Learning Series: Nepal Country Report. Chapel Hill, USA: The Water Institute at UNC. https://waterinstitute.unc.edu/files/2015/09/learning-series-nepal-country-report-2015-08.pdf.

  • Venkataramanan, Vidya. 2015. CLTS Learning Series: Niger Country Report. Chapel Hill, USA: The Water Institute at UNC. https://waterinstitute.unc.edu/files/2015/09/learning-series-niger-country-report-2015-08.pdf.

  • Venkataramanan, Vidya. 2015. CLTS Learning Series: Uganda Country Report. Chapel Hill, USA: The Water Institute at UNC. https://waterinstitute.unc.edu/files/2015/09/learning-series-uganda-country-report-2015-08.pdf.

  • Venkataramanan, Vidya. 2015. CLTS Learning Series: Indonesia Country Report. Chapel Hill, USA: The Water Institute at UNC. https://waterinstitute.unc.edu/files/2015/08/learning-series-indonesia-country-report-2015-08.pdf.

  • Williams, Ashley R. and Alycia Overbo. 2015. “Unsafe return of human excreta to the environment: A literature review.” Chapel Hill, NC, USA: The Water Institute at UNC. https://waterinstitute.unc.edu/files/2015/07/BMGF_UnsafeReturn_LitReview_UNC_16June15.pdf.

  • Williams, Ashley R., Robert E. S. Bain, Michael B. Fisher, Ryan Cronk, Emma R. Kelly, and Jamie Bartram. 2015. “A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Fecal Contamination and Inadequate Treatment of Packaged Water.” PLoS ONE 10(10): e0140899. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0140899.

Here is a list of our publications from 2014:
  • Amjad, Urooj Quezon, Georgia Kayser, and Benjamin Mason Meier. 2014. “Rights-Based Indicators Regarding Non-Discrimination and Equity in Access to Water and Sanitation.” Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development 4: 182–87. doi:10.2166/washdev.2013.041.

  • Bain, Robert E S, Jim A Wright, Elizabeth Christenson, and Jamie K Bartram. 2014. “Rural: Urban Inequalities in Post 2015 Targets and Indicators for Drinking-water.” Science of The Total Environment 490 (15) (August 15): 509–513. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.05.007.

  • Bain, Robert, Ryan Cronk, Jim Wright, Hong Yang, Tom Slaymaker, and Jamie Bartram. 2014. “Fecal Contamination of Drinking-Water in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.” PLOS Medicine 11 (5): e1001644. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1001644.

  • Bain, Robert, Ryan Cronk, Rifat Hossain, Sophie Bonjour, Kyle Onda, Jim Wright, Hong Yang, Paul Hunter, Annette Prüss-Ustün, and Jamie Bartram. 2014. “Global Assessment of Exposure to Faecal Contamination Through Drinking Water Based on a Systematic Review.” Tropical Medicine and International Health 19: 917–927. doi:10.1111/tmi.12334.

  • Bartram, Jamie, Clarissa Brocklehurst, Michael B Fisher, Rolf Luyendijk, Rifat Hossain, Tessa Wardlaw, and Bruce Gordon. 2014. “Global Monitoring of Water Supply and Sanitation: History, Methods and Future Challenges.” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 11 (8) (August 11): 8137–8165. doi:10.3390/ijerph110808137.

  • Baum, Rachel, Georgia Kayser, Christine Stauber, and Mark Sobsey. 2014. “Assessing the Microbial Quality of Improved Drinking Water Sources: Results from the Dominican Republic.” American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 90 (1): 121–123. doi:10.4269/ajtmh.13-0380.

  • Brocklehurst, Clarissa. 2014. “Scaling up Rural Sanitation in India.” PLoS Med 11: e1001710. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1001710.

  • Christenson, Elizabeth, Mark Elliott, Ovik Banerjee, Laura Hamrick, and Jamie Bartram. 2014. “Climate-Related Hazards: A Method for Global Assessment of Urban and Rural Population Exposure to Cyclones, Droughts, and Floods.” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 11: 2169–2192. doi:10.3390/ijerph110202169.

  • Christenson, Elizabeth, Robert Bain, Jim Wright, Stephen Aondoakaa, Rifat Hossain, and Jamie Bartram. 2014. “Examining the Influence of Urban Definition When Assessing Relative Safety of Drinking-water in Nigeria.” Science of The Total Environment 490 (15) (August 15): 301–312. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.05.010.

  • Crocker, Jonny, and Jamie Bartram. 2014. “Comparison and Cost Analysis of Drinking Water Quality Monitoring Requirements Versus Practice in Seven Developing Countries.” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 11 (7) (July 18): 7333–7436. doi:10.3390/ijerph110707333.

  • Cumming, Oliver, Mark Elliott, Alycia Overbo, and Jamie Bartram. 2014. “Does Global Progress on Sanitation Really Lag Behind Water? An Analysis of Global Progress on Community- and Household-Level Access to Safe Water and Sanitation.” PLOS One 9 (12): e114699. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0114699.

  • Dodds, Felix, and Jamie Bartram. 2014. Building Integrated Approaches into the Sustainable Development Goals: A Declaration from the Nexus 2014: Water, Food, Climate and Energy Conference in the name of the Co-directors held at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, March 5th to 8th 2014. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. http://nexusconference.web.unc.edu/files/2014/08/nexus-declaration.pdf.

  • Dodds, Felix, Jorge Laguna-Celis, and Liz Thompson, eds. 2014. The Plain Language Guide to Rio+20: Preparing for the New Development Agenda. City, Country: New World Frontiers Publishing. Available at: http://newfrontierspublishing.com/all-books/51-the-plain-language-guide-to-rio-20

  • Gentry-Shields, Jennifer, and Jamie Bartram. 2014. “Human Health and the Water Environment: Using the DPSEEA Framework to Identify the Driving Forces of Disease.” Science of The Total Environment 468-469 (January): 306–314. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.08.052.

  • Godfrey, Samuel, Matteus van der Velden, Americo Muianga, Angelina Xavier, Kristen Downs, Camille Morgan, and Jamie Bartram. 2014. “Sustainability Check: Five-year Annual Sustainability Audits of the Water Supply and Open Defecation Free Status in the ‘One Million Initiative’, Mozambique.” Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development 4 (3) (August): 471–483. doi:10.2166/washdev.2014.118.

  • Kayser, Georgia L, William Moomaw, Jose Miguel Orellana Portillo, and Jeffrey K Griffiths. 2014. “Circuit Rider Post-construction Support: Improvements in Domestic Water Quality and System Sustainability in El Salvador.” Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development 4 (3): 460–470. doi:10.2166/washdev.2014.136.

  • Langford, Malcolm, Jamie Bartram, and Virginia Roaf. 2014. “Revisiting Dignity: The Human Right to Sanitation.” In The Human Right to Water: Theory, Practice, and Prospects. Cambridge University Press. Available at: http://www.jus.uio.no/smr/english/people/aca/malcolml/Draft%20Sanitation%20Chapter.pdf.

  • MacDonald Gibson, Jacqueline, Nicholas DeFelice, Daniel Sebastian, and Hannah Leker. 2014. “Racial Disparities in Access to Community Water Supply Service in Wake County, North Carolina.” Frontiers in Public Health Services and Systems Research 3(3). http://uknowledge.uky.edu/frontiersinphssr/ vol3/iss3/6.

  • Meier, Benjamin M, Georgia L Kayser, Jocelyn G Kestenbaum, Urooj Q Amjad, Fernanda Dalcanale, and Jamie Bartram. 2014. “Translating the Human Right to Water and Sanitation into Public Policy Reform.” Science and Engineering Ethics (January 1). doi:10.1007/s11948-013-9504-x.

  • Meier, Benjamin M, Jocelyn G Kestenbaum, Georgia L Kayser, Urooj Q Amjad, and Jamie Bartram. 2014. “Examining the Practice of Developing Human Rights Indicators to Facilitate Accountability for the Human Right to Water and Sanitation.” Journal of Human Rights Practice 6 (1) (March): 159–181. doi:10.1093/jhuman/hut031.

  • Onda, Kyle, Jonny Crocker, Georgia Lyn Kayser, and Jamie Bartram. 2014. “Country Clustering Applied to the Water and Sanitation Sector: A New Tool with Potential Applications in Research and Policy.” International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 217 (2-3) (March): 379–385. doi:10.1016/j.ijheh.2013.07.017.

  • Prüss-Ustün, Annette, Jamie Bartram, Sandy Cairncross, Paul R Hunter, Richard B Johnston, Colin Mathers, Daniel Mäusezahl, et al. 2014. “Burden of Disease from Inadequate Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Low- and Middle-income Settings: a Retrospective Analysis of Data from 145 Countries.” Tropical Medicine & International Health 19 (8) (April 29): 894–905. doi:10.1111/tmi.12329.

  • Rehfuess, Eva A, and Jamie Bartram. 2013. “Beyond Direct Impact: Evidence Synthesis Towards a Better Understanding of Effectiveness of Environmental Health Interventions.” International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 217 (2-3) (July 29): 155–159. doi:10.1016/j.ijheh.2013.07.011.

  • Wolf, Jennyfer, Annette Prüss-Ustün, Matthew C Freeman, Bruce Gordon, Paul R Hunter, Aurelie Jeandron, Richard B Johnston, et al. 2014. “Assessing the Impact of Drinking Water and Sanitation on Diarrhoeal Disease in Low- and Middle-income Settings: Systematic Review and Meta-regression.” Tropical Medicine and International Health 19 (8) (August 15): 928–942. doi:10.1111/tmi.12331.

  • Wright, Jim, Jing Liu, Robert Bain, Andrea Perez, Jonny Crocker, Jamie Bartram, and Stephen Gundry. 2014. “Water Quality Laboratories in Colombia: A GIS-based Study of Urban and Rural Accessibility.” Science of The Total Environment 485-486 (April 18): 643–652. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.03.127.

Here is a list of our publications from 2013:
  • Bain, Robert, Rolf Luyendijk, and Jamie Bartram. 2013. “Universal access to drinking water: the role of aid.” WIDER Working Paper No. 2013/88. Helsinki: UNU World Institute for Development Economics Research. Available at: http://www.wider.unu.edu/publications/working-papers/2013/en_GB/wp2013-088/.

  • Baum, Rachel, Jeanne Luh, and Jamie Bartram. 2013. “Sanitation: A Global Estimate of Sewerage Connections Without Treatment and the Resulting Impact on MDG Progress.” Environmental Science & Technology 47 (4) (January 16): 1994–2000. doi:10.1021/es304284f.

  • Bradley, David J, and Jamie K Bartram. 2013. “Domestic Water and Sanitation as Water Security: Monitoring, Concepts and Strategy.” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical, & Engineering Sciences 371(2002): 20120420. (September 30). doi:10.1098/rsta.2012.0420.

  • Brown, Joe, Vo Thi Thien, Lanakila McMahan, Marion W Jenkins, Lauren Thie, Kaida Liang, Erin Printy, and Mark D Sobsey. 2012. “Relative Benefits of On-plot Water Supply over Other ‘improved’ Sources in Rural Vietnam.” Tropical Medicine and International Health 18 (1) (October 29): 65–74. doi:10.111/tmi.12010.

  • Chang, Zai Kang, Mien Ling Chong, and Jamie Bartram. 2013. “Analysis of Water Safety Plan Costs from Case Studies in the Western Pacific Region.”Water Science & Technology: Water Supply 13 (5) (September 14). doi:10.2166/ws.2013.146.

  • Evans, Barbara, Jamie Bartram, Paul Hunter, Ashley Williams, Jo-Anne Geere, Batsi Majuru, Laura Bates, Michael Fisher, Alycia Overbo, and Wolf-Peter Schmidt. 2013. “Public Health and Social Benefits of at-House Water Supplies.” Available at: http://r4d.dfid.gov.uk/pdf/outputs/water/61005-DFID_HH_water_supplies_final_report.pdf .

  • Fisher, Michael B., Robert Bain, Pete Kolsky, Rohit Ramaswamy, Kaida Liang, Ryan Cronk, and Jamie Bartram. Proposed Core WaSH MEL Indicators: Monitoring for Continuous Program Quality Improvement.  2013. The Water Institute at UNC, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. https://waterinstitute.unc.edu/files/2016/03/WaSH-MEL-Proposed-Core-Indicators.pdf

  • Gibson, Jacqueline MacDonald, Jens Thomsen, Frederic Launay, Elizabeth Harder, and Nicholas DeFelice. 2013. “Deaths and Medical Visits Attributable to Environmental Pollution in the United Arab Emirates.” PLOS One 8 (3) (March 4): e57536. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0057536.

  • Kayser, Georgia L, Patrick Moriarty, Catarina Fonseca, and Jamie Bartram. 2013. “Domestic Water Service Delivery Indicators and Frameworks for Monitoring, Evaluation, Policy and Planning: A Review .” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2013 (10) (October 11): 4812–4835.doi:10.3390/ijerph10104812.

  • Luh, Jeanne, Rachel Baum, and Jamie Bartram. “Equity in Water and Sanitation: Developing an Index to Measure Progressive Realization of the Human Right.” International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 216 (2013): 662–671. doi:10.1016/j.ijheh.2012.12.007.

  • Meier, Benjamin M, Georgia L Kayser, Urooj Q Amjad, and Jamie Bartram. 2013. “Implementing an Evolving Human Right Through Water and Sanitation Policy.” Water Policy 15 (1): 116–133. doi:10.2166/wp.2012.198. Available at: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3 /papers.cfm?abstract_id=2015424.

  • Peletz, Rachel, Thomas Mahin, Mark Elliott, Mamie S Harris, Ka Seen Chan, Myron S Cohen, Jamie K Bartram, and Thomas F Clasen. 2013. “Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Interventions to Improve Health Among People Living with HIV/AIDS: a Systematic Review.” Aids 27 (16) (October 23): 2593–2601. doi:10.1097/QAD.0b013e3283633a5f.

  • Peletz, Rachel, Thomas Mahin, Mark Elliott, Margaret Montgomery, and Thomas Clasen. 2013. “Preventing Cryptosporidiosis: The Need for Safe Drinking Water.” Bulletin of the World Health Organization 91 (4) (April): 238–238A. doi:10.2471/BLT.13.119990.

  • Rowe, Ryan. 2013. “Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage in Malawi: Report on the 18 April, 2013 Stakeholders’ Consultative Workshop on the Development of a National Action Plan.” Available at: http://hwts.web.unc.edu/files/2014/07/2013MalawiReportFinal.pdf.

  • Rowe, Ryan. 2013. “Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage in West Africa: Report of a May 2013 Regional Workshop on Household Water Treatment and Integrated Environmental Health Interventions.” http://hwts.web.unc.edu/files/2014/08/2013Accra_Report_Final.pdf.

  • Yang, Hong, Jim A Wright, Robert E Bain, Steve Pedley, Mark Elliott, and Stephen W Gundry. 2013. “Accuracy of the H2S Test: a Systematic Review of the Influence of Bacterial Density and Sample Volume.” Journal of Water and Health 11 (2) (June): 173–185. doi:10.2166/wh.2013.225.

  • Yang, Hong, Robert Bain, Jamie Bartram, Stephen Gundry, Steve Pedley, and James Wright. 2012. “Water Safety and Inequality in Access to Drinking-water Between Rich and Poor Households.” Environmental Science and Technology 47 (3) (December 31): 1222–1230. doi:10.1021/es303345p.

Here is a list of our publications from 2012:
  • Bain, Rob E S, Stephen W Gundry, Jim A Wright, Hong Yang, Steve Pedley, and Jamie K Bartram. 2012. “Accounting for Water Quality in Monitoring Access to Safe Drinking-water as Part of the Millennium Development Goals: Lessons from Five Countries.” Bulletin of the World Health Organization (January 20): 228–235A. doi:10.2471/BLT.11.094284.

  • Bain, Robert, Jamie Bartram, Mark Elliott, Robert Matthews, Lanakila McMahan, Rosalind Tung, Patty Chuang, and Stephen Gundry. 2012. “A Summary Catalogue of Microbial Drinking Water Tests for Low and Medium Resource Settings.” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 9 (5) (May 4): 1609–1625. doi:10.3390/ijerph9051609. http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/9/5/1609/pdf

  • Bain, Robert, Jim Wright, Hong Yang, Stephen Gundry, Steve Pedley, and Jamie Bartram. 2014. “Improved but Not Necessarily Safe: Water Access and the Millennium Development Goals.” In Global Water: Issues and Insights, 89–94. Canberra, Australia: Australian National University Press. Available at: http://press.anu.edu.au/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/whole.pdf#page=97.

  • Bartram, Jamie, Katrina Charles, Barbara Evans, Lucinda O’Hanlon, and Steve Pedley. (2012). Commentary on community-led total sanitation and human rights: should the right to community-wide health be won at the cost of individual rights? Journal of Water and Health, 10(4), 499–503. doi:10.2166/wh.2012.205.

  • Bartram, Jamie, Mark Elliott, and Patty Chuang. 2012. “Getting Wet, Clean, and Healthy: Why Households Matter.” The Lancet 380 (9837) (July 14): 85–86. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60903-9.

  • Dufour, Al, Jamie Bartram, Robert Bos, and Victor Gannon, eds. 2012. Animal Waste, Water Quality and Human Health. Emerging Issues in Water and Infectious Disease Series. Vol. 6. London, United Kingdom: IWA Publishing. Available at: http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/publications/2012/animal_waste/en/

  • Gunnarsdottir, Maria J, Sigurdur M Gardarsson, and Jamie Bartram. 2012. “Icelandic Experience with Water Safety Plans.” Water Science & Technology 65 (2): 277–288. doi:10.2166/wst.2012.801.

  • Gunnarsdottir, Maria J, Sigurdur M Gardarsson, Mark Elliott, Gudrun Sigmundsdottir, and Jamie Bartram. 2012. “Benefits of Water Safety Plans: Microbiology, Compliance, and Public Health.” Environmental Science & Technology 46 (14) (June 7): 7782–7789. doi:10.1021/es300372h.

  • Hunter, Paul R, Jamie Bartram, and Sandy Cairncross. 2012. “Comment on ‘Randomized Intervention Study of Solar Disinfection of Drinking Water in the Prevention of Dysentery in Kenyan Children Aged Under 5 Years’.” Environmental Science & Technology 46 (5) (February 2): 3035–3035. doi:10.1021/es204500c.

  • Jasper, Christian, Thanh-Tam Le, and Jamie Bartram. 2012. “Water and Sanitation in Schools: A Systematic Review of the Health and Educational Outcomes.” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 9 (8) (August 3): 2772–2787. doi:10.3390/ijerph9082772.

  • Kosinski, Karen C, Michael N Adjei, Kwabena M Bosompem, Jonathan J Crocker, John L Durant, Dickson Osabutey, Jeanine D Plummer, et al. 2012. “Effective Control of Schistosoma Haematobium Infection in a Ghanaian Community Following Installation of a Water Recreation Area.” PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases 6 (7) (July 17): e1709. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0001709.

  • Onda, Kyle, Joe Lobuglio, and Jamie Bartram. 2012. “Global Access to Safe Water: Accounting for Water Quality and the Resulting Impact on MDG Progress.” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 9 (3) (March 14): 880–894. doi:10.3390/ijerph9030880.

  • Shields, Jennifer G. 2012. Utilization of microbial source-tracking markers to inform targeted remediation and predict potential pathogens in high priority surface waters. Chapel Hill, USA: The University of North Carolina. Available at: http://gradworks.umi.com/35/26/3526174.html.

  • Stauber, Christine E, Byron Kominek, Kaida R Liang, Mumuni K Osman, and Mark D Sobsey. 2012. “Evaluation of the Impact of the Plastic BioSand Filter on Health and Drinking Water Quality in Rural Tamale, Ghana.” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 9 (11) (October 24): 3806–3823. doi:10.3390/ijerph9113806.

Here is a list of our publications from 2011:
  • Bartram, Jamie, and Barbara Wallace. 2011. “Water+Health=Life: Savvy Water Management Saves Lives.” In Global Water Issues, edited by Duncan MacInnes, 45–51. Washington DC, USA: Bureau of International Information Programs, United States Department of State. Available at: http://iipdigital.usembassy.gov/st/english/publication/2011/07/20110718134517yeldnahc0.4155019.html#axzz3DfqWqXtl.

  • Elliott, Mark, Andrew Armstrong, Joseph Lobuglio, and Jamie Bartram. 2011. Technologies for Climate Change Adaptation – The Water Sector. TNA Guidebook Series. Roskilde, Denmark: UNEP Risoe Centre. Available at: http://www.unepdtu.org/~/media/Sites/Uneprisoe/Publications%20(Pdfs)/TNA%20Guidebooks/TNA_Guidebook_AdaptationWater.ashx.

  • Godfrey, Sam, Pawan Labhasetwar, Tapas Chakma, Satish Water, Aditya Swami, and Jamie Bartram. 2011. “Assessing and Managing Fluorosis Risk in Children and Adults in Rural Madhya Pradesh, India.” Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development 1 (2): 136–143. doi:10.2166/washdev.2011.101.

  • Itoh, Sadahiko, Bruce A Gordon, Philip Callan, and Jamie Bartram. 2011. “Regulations and Perspectives on Disinfection By-products: Importance of Estimating Overall Toxicity.” Journal of Water Supply: Research and Technology 60 (5): 261–274. doi:10.2166/aqua.2011.068.

  • Kosinski, Karen C, Jonathan J Crocker, John L Durant, Dickson Osabutey, Michael N Adjei, and David M Gute. 2011. “A Novel Community-based Water Recreation Area for Schistosomiasis Control in Rural Ghana.” Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development 1 (4): 259–268. doi:10.2166/washdev.2011.003.

  • Rahman, Zarah, Jonny Crocker, Kang Chang, Ranjiv Khush, and Jamie Bartram. 2011. “A Comparative Assessment of Institutional Frameworks for Managing Drinking Water Quality.” Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development 1 (4): 242–258. doi:10.2166/washdev.2011.002.

Here is a list of our publications from 2009 and 2010:
  • Bartram, Jamie, and Jennifer Platt. 2010. “How Health Professionals Can Leverage Health Gains from Improved Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Practices.” Perspectives in Public Health 130 (5): 215–221. doi:10.1177/1757913910379193.

  • Brocklehurst, Clarissa, and Jamie Bartram. 2010. “Swimming Upstream: Why Sanitation, Hygiene and Water Are so Important to Mothers and Their Daughters.” Bulletin of the World Health Organization 88 (7): 482–482. doi:10.2471/BLT.10.080077.

  • Clasen, Thomas, Jamie Bartram, John Colford, Stephen Luby, Robert Quick, and Mark Sobsey. 2009. “Comment on ‘Household Water Treatment in Poor Populations: Is There Enough Evidence for Scaling up Now?’” Environmental Science & Technology 43 (14): 5542–5544. doi:10.1021/es9008147.

  • Gore, Fiona, John Fawell, and Jamie Bartram. 2010. “Too Much or Too Little? A Review of the Conundrum of Selenium.” Journal of Water and Health 8 (3): 405–416. doi:10.2166/wh.2009.060.

  • Howard, Guy, Katrina Charles, Kathy Pond, Anca Brookshaw, Rifat Hossain, and Jamie Bartram. 2010. “Securing 2020 Vision for 2030: Climate Change and Ensuring Resilience in Water and Sanitation Services.” Journal of Water and Climate Change 1 (1): 2–16. doi:10.2166/wcc.2010.205.

  • Montgomery, Maggie A, and Jamie Bartram. 2010. “Short-sightedness in Sight-saving: Half a Strategy Will Not Eliminate Blinding Trachoma.” Bulletin of the World Health Organization 88 (2): 82–82. doi:10.2471/BLT.09.075424.