Water system hardware and management rehabilitation: qualitative evidence from Ghana, Kenya, and Zambia

Effective and rapid rehabilitation of non-functional water systems is vital to ensuring continued access to safe drinking water. While community-based management is widely promoted for rural water supply management, there is limited evidence describing how community management addresses hardware and management failures. We conducted 267 interviews and 57 focus groups discussions in Ghana, Kenya, and Zambia to identify the rehabilitation pathways between recognition of hardware and management failures and the return of a functional water system. We found four hardware and three management rehabilitation pathways that differed based on type of support received and degree of involvement from community leaders. Mapping the rehabilitation pathways shows how available resources can be leveraged to restore breakdowns and management failures for rural water systems in sub-Saharan Africa.

Water system hardware and management rehabilitation: qualitative evidence from Ghana, Kenya, and Zambia. Tori Klug, Katherine F. Shields, Ryan Cronk, Emma Kelly, Nikki Behnke, Kristen Lee, and Jamie Bartram. 2017. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, Volume 220(3): 531-538. doi:10.1016/j.ijheh.2017.02.009.