A Controlled, Before-and-After Trial of an Urban Sanitation Intervention to Reduce Enteric Infections in Children: Research Protocol for the Maputo Sanitation (MapSan) Study, Mozambique

Densely populated urban slums represent an important gap when studying sanitation and health, despite the prevalence of intestinal infection, disease, and transmission in such areas. In BMJ Open, we present the research protocol for the first controlled trial of a latrine intervention on child health and pathogen transmission within informal settlements in Maputo, Mozambique. The resulting evidence regarding the relationship between population density, sanitation, and enteric infections can be used to inform investments in sanitation interventions that deliver the greatest health impact.

Brown, Joe, Oliver Cumming, Jamie Bartram, Sandy Cairncross, Jeroen Ensink, David Holcomb, Jackie Knee, Peter Kolsky, Kaida Liang, Song Liang, Rassul Nala, Guy Norman, Richard Rheingans, Jill Stewart, Olimpio Zavale, Valentina Zuin, and Wolf-Peter Schmidt. 2015. “A Controlled, Before-and-After Trial of an Urban Sanitation Intervention to Reduce Enteric Infections in Children: Research Protocol for the Maputo Sanitation (MapSan) Study, Mozambique.” BMJ Open 5(6): e008215. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008215.