Monitoring the progressive realization of the human rights to water and sanitation: frontier analysis as a basis to enhance human rights accountability

The human rights to water and sanitation have developed dramatically under international human rights law over the past forty years. Nevertheless there are few mechanisms to monitor the progressive realization of those rights in national practice. We describe the Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Performance Index, for monitoring country performance in increasing access and in decreasing inequalities in access between rural and urban populations. The Index allows country performance to be compared across countries and over time, regardless of their initial levels of access or initial inequality gaps. The Index provides a basis to hold countries accountable to the human rights.

Monitoring the progressive realization of the human rights to water and sanitation: frontier analysis as a basis to enhance human rights accountability. Benjamin M. Meier, Ryan Cronk, Jeanne Luh, Catarina de Albuquerque, and Jamie Bartram. 2017. In Oxford Handbook of Water Politics and Policy, edited by Ken Conca and Erika Weinthal, forthcoming. Cary, NC: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199335084.013.21.