Indicators for monitoring water, sanitation, and hygiene: a systematic review

Monitoring water, sanitation and hygiene enhances accountability, and demonstrates the impacts of efforts to improve conditions and services. However, there is a need to develop and consistently use objective and rigorous methods for indicator selection for meaningful and credible monitoring. We conducted a systematic review of indicator selection methods used in the environment, international development, and water sectors. Using the review results, we propose a six step method for selecting water, sanitation and hygiene indicators. The proposed method eliminates arbitrary indicator selection, improves transparency of decision-making, and leads to collection of data to inform policy and practice decisions.

Indicators for monitoring water, sanitation, and hygiene: a systematic review. Stefanie Schwemlein, Ryan Cronk, and Jamie Bartram. 2016. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 13(3), 333. doi:10.3390/ijerph13030333.