Improving water, sanitation, and hygiene in schools in Indonesia: a cross-sectional assessment on sustaining infrastructural and behavioral interventions

Water, sanitation, and hygiene in schools are important for child health, development, and educational performance, yet coverage in Indonesian schools remains low. UNICEF and partners conducted an integrated intervention in 450 schools in Indonesia that included provision of water and sanitation facilities, promotion of hygiene activities, and program monitoring and evaluation. We found that students in intervention schools had greater access to water, sanitation, and hygiene infrastructure, exhibited more favorable hygiene behaviors, were less likely to openly defecate, and reported higher levels of handwashing. We identified aspects of the intervention that were correlated with sustained behavior change, and this knowledge can inform scale-up and acceleration.

Improving water, sanitation, and hygiene in schools in Indonesia: a cross-sectional assessment on sustaining infrastructural and behavioral interventions. Andrew J. Karon, Aidan A. Cronin, Ryan Cronk, and Reza Hendrawan. 2017. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, Volume 220(3): 539-550. doi:10.1016/j.ijheh.2017.02.001.