The WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) tracks international drinking water and sanitation coverage by analyzing data from household surveys and national censuses. This article, published in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, describes and critically reviews the JMP method in detail for the first time. Findings include limitations of the current JMP method and future monitoring needs, including addressing water quality, equity, and the use of multiple drinking water and sanitation facilities within and outside of the home.
Bartram, Jamie, Clarissa Brocklehurst, Michael B Fisher, Rolf Luyendijk, Rifat Hossain, Tessa Wardlaw, and Bruce Gordon. 2014. “Global Monitoring of Water Supply and Sanitation: History, Methods and Future Challenges.” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 11 (8) (August 11): 8137–8165. doi:10.3390/ijerph110808137.