Evaluation of an Inexpensive Growth Medium for Direct Detection of Escherichia coli in Temperate and Sub-Tropical Waters

The cost and complexity of traditional methods for the detection of faecal indicator bacteria, including Ecoli, hinder widespread monitoring of drinking water quality, especially in low-income countries and outside controlled laboratory settings. In these settings the problem is exacerbated by the lack of inexpensive media for the detection of Ecoli in drinking water. We developed a new low-cost growth medium, aquatest (AT), and validated its use for the direct detection of Ecoli in temperate and sub-tropical drinking waters using IDEXX Quanti-Tray®. AT was compared with IDEXX Colilert-18® and either EC-MUG or MLSB for detecting low levels of Ecoli from water samples from temperate (n = 140; Bristol, UK) and subtropical regions (n = 50, Pretoria/Tshwane, South Africa). Confirmatory testing (n = 418 and 588, respectively) and the comparison of quantitative results were used to assess performance. Sensitivity of AT was higher than Colilert-18® for water samples in the UK [98.0% vs. 86.9%; p<0.0001] and South Africa [99.5% vs. 93.2%; p = 0.0030]. There was no significant difference in specificity, which was high for both media (>95% in both settings). Quantitative results were comparable and within expected limits. AT is reliable and accurate for the detection of Ecoli in temperate and subtropical drinking water. The composition of the new medium is reported herein and can be used freely.

Evaluation of an Inexpensive Growth Medium for Direct Detection of Escherichia coli in Temperate and Sub-Tropical Waters. R. E. S. Bain, C. Woodall, J. Elliott, B. F. Arnold, R. Tung, R. Morley, M. du Preez, J. K. Bartram, A. P. Davis, S. W. Gundry, S. Pedley. 2015. PLoS ONE 10:10, e0140997. doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0140997