Drinking water and sanitation: progress in 73 countries in relation to socioeconomic indicators

Increasing access to improved drinking water and sanitation between 2000 and 2012 varied widely between countries. We assessed whether country progress is associated with national socioeconomic characteristics, using the normalized rate of change in access – to allow countries to be compared, regardless of their initial coverage levels. Progress was not correlated with nine national characteristics, including foreign aid. Our results support previous studies that increased donor aid does not necessarily lead to improvements. Instead, between-country variations may be linked to government policies and in the institutional commitment and capacity needed to execute such policies effectively.

Drinking water and sanitation: progress in 73 countries in relation to socioeconomic indicators. Jeanne Luh and Jamie Bartram. 2016. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 94(2): 111-121A. doi:10.2471/BLT.15.162974.