Building capacity for water, sanitation, and hygiene programming: training evaluation theory applied to CLTS management training in Kenya

Training and capacity building are components of water, sanitation, and hygiene policies, strategies, and programs world-wide. However, training evaluations have been infrequent and lack rigor. We developed a conceptual framework for evaluating training and applied the framework to a seven-month community-led total sanitation management (CLTS) training program delivered to 42 government officials in Kenya. We found that for the majority of trainees, the training program did not achieve its target outcomes of understanding the CLTS process, critical thinking about CLTS, and development of management skills. To enhance training outcomes, training programs should include soft skills such as advocacy, partnership, and supervision.

Building capacity for water, sanitation, and hygiene programming: training evaluation theory applied to CLTS management training in Kenya. Jonny Crocker, Katherine F. Shields, Vidya Venkataramanan, Darren Saywell, and Jamie Bartram. 2016. Social Science & Medicine 166: 66-76. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.08.008.